Conservation, Reclamation & Native Seed

Native plants are those that naturally occur in a given habitat. A species that is native to one area of the world may not be native to another. However, native plants are generally well adapted to their particular environment and are more likely to thrive there. Once established, native plants provide an ecologically appropriate and environmentally sound habitat.

At Landmark Turf & Native Seed, we offer a complete and extensive selection of native seed and introduced seed species and varieties for reclamation, erosion control, mining, wetland, riparian, forestry and wildlife habitat. We custom blend and mix to meet Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) seed, utility right-of-way and mining reclamation seed specifications. View our Conservation, Reclamation and Native seed varieties below or contact us for more information.

Wildflower Mixtures

Landmark offers a variety of wildflower mixtures including:

Regional Native Mix

All Annual Mix

All Perennial Mix

Low Grow Mix

North American Mix

Custom Mixtures

White Yarrow

White (Summer-Early Fall)

White Western Yarrow

Perennial flower color: White. Adapted from lowlands to mountain highlands. Aggressive.

Wallflower

Reds-orange (Early Spring-Spring)

Torrey's Rush

Torrey's Rush, Juncus torreyi, is a perennial wetland species with rhizomes that grow 16 to 40 inches tall. This variety is found in marshes, wet prairies, and roadside ditches throughout a majority of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 12,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 0.75

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 16-40"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sweet William

Red-white-pink (Summer-Fall)

Sulphur Cosmos

Oranges (Summer-Fall)

Spurred Snapdragon / Toadflax

Mixed reds, purples, pinks, whites (Summer)

Siberian Wallflower

Found in open areas and along roadsides across Northern U.S. Flower color: Reds-Orange (Early Spring-Spring)

Shasta Daisy

White (Late Spring-Summer)

Rocket Larkspur

Purple on shafts (Spring-Mid Summer)

Prairie Coneflower

Purple with white (Summer-Fall). Occurs on open limestone sites, roadsides and prairies. Commonly used for reclamation.

Plains Coreopsis

Reds, yellows (Summer)

Lemon Mint

Pinks (Summer)

Lance-Leaved Coreopsis

Yellow (Spring-Summer). Adapted to sandy or rocky soils, disturbed sites.

Flanders Poppy

Adaptable to moist areas, roadsides and disturbed sites. Colorful red.

Evening Primrose

Yellow (Late Spring-Early Fall)

Dames Rocket

Purple (Spring-Early Summer)

Cosmos

Mixed reds and pinks. (Spring-Mid Summer)

Cornflower / Bachelor's Button

Blue-Purple (April-July). Common in mixtures. Widely adapted. Desirable for cut flowers.

Corn Poppy

Red-pink, white (Spring-Early Summer)

California Poppy

Oranges (Summer-Fall). Occurs in open areas and on grassy slopes. Special value as a pollinator for Buble Bees, native Bees and Honey Bees. Brilliant color.

Calendula

Reds (Spring-Fall)

Blanketflower

Red-oranges, w/yellow (Summer-Early Fall)

Blackeyed Susan

Yellow (June-September) Sunflower-like blossom. Widely adapted throughout U.S.

Bebb's Sedge

Bebb's sedge, Carex bebbii, is a cool-season perennial bunch grass that grows up to 32 inches tall. It is commonly found in wet meadows across northern parts of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,400,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2

Mature Height: 8-32"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Baltic Rush

Baltic rush, Juncus confusus, is a cool-season wire-like rush, growing up to 32 inches tall with numerous rhizomes. Baltic rush is the most common of the rushes found in the Intermountain West. It occurs most abundantly at low to mid elevations and can be found on a variety of soils, ranging from silt and clay loams to coarser sandy substrates.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 11,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 8-32"; Growth Habit: Sod

Appar Lewis Blue Flax

Blue flax, Linum perenne, is a perennial which produces masses of 5-petaled, sky blue flowers. Blue flax blooms in mid-May through June. It is common to find blue flax across parts of the western United States prairies and calcareous rocky banks, sagebrush, Pinyon-Juniper, Mountain Brush, Mixed Desert Scrub, Aspen, and Spruce Fir communities, dry slopes, and ridges. Blue flax does best in full sun and dry to well-drained soils. It is important for reclamation in open areas as it is drought resistant but does not tolerate a combination of heat and humidity. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-7 

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18": Mature Height: 12-30"

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover is a cold-tolerant biennial that is very easy to establish. Drought and cold tolerant, use for erosion control on saline and alkaline soils. Matures 10 to 14 days earlier than White Clover.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 260,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-15

White Dutch Clover

White Dutch Clover is a short-lived, creeping perennial. It's shallow-rooted so it makes a good choice for lawns and pasture mixes. Very cold hardy.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Sweetvetch

Sweetvetch is an attractive perennial adapted to grassy slopes, rocky hillsides, canyons and high shrublands. It is very palatable.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 50,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-7

Subterranean Clover

These Low growing, self-reseeding legumes produce high N contribution. Fall planted subclovers thrive in Mediterranean conditions of mild, moist winters and dry summers on soils of low to moderate fertility. Popularity of subclovers is growing in the coastal mid-Atlantic and Southeastern US ( Hardiness Zone 7 and warmer). Subclovers are used in thousands of acres of almond orchards in California. Some cultivars tolerate alkaline soils and waterlogged conditions.

Sickle-Keeled Lupine / Hederma

Provides rapid cover on critical erosion sites such as roadside seedings and reforestation plantings. Plants are nitrogen fixers and provide wildlife cover. Grows best under 1,800 ft. in Western Oregon, Washington and Northern California with annual rainfall up to 80 inches.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 15,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20

Sainfoin

Sainfoin, Onobrychis vicilfolia, is a winter-hardy, non-bloat legume whose forage is high in quality, very palatable, and readily consumed. It is deep-rooted and very drought resistant.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 30,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-34

Perennial Lupine

Occurs on open, coarse soils throughout North America. Common in mixes. Purple (Spring)

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20

New Zealand White Clover

Similar to White Dutch, but prefers milder temperatures with high humidity and rainfall.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-5

Medium Red Clover

Red clover is a short-lived perennial, 2-3 years, and usually produces 2-3 cuttings of hay or silage per year with most aggressive growth in Spring. Red Clover is an aggressive establisher and can be seeded alone, in mixtures with grasses, frost-seeded with a nurse crop, or interseeded into an existing stand. Forage quality is comparable with alfalfa quality under similar harvest schedule.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 275,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-12

Mammoth Red Clover

A dependable, low-cost, readily available workhorse that is winter hardy in much of the U.S. (Hardiness Zone 4 and warmer). Easily overseeded or frostseeded into standing crops, it creates loamy topsoil, adds a moderate amount of N, helps to suppress weeds and breaks up heavy soil. Its most common uses include forage, grazing, plowdown N and, in warmer areas, hay. It's a great legume to frostseed or interseed with small grains where you can harvest grain as well as provide weed suppression and manage N.

Lupins

Lupins are cool-season annual legumes that provide plenty of N and can be grown widely in the USA and southern Canada. Lupins have aggressive taproots, especially the narrow-leaf cultivars. You can kill lupins mechanically or with herbicides. Their hollow stems crush or break readily, making it easy to plant cash crops using conservation tillage equipment.

Ladino Clover

Ladino is a long-lived perennial, which spreads by creeping stems or stolons that root at the nodes. A giant form of white clover that is very high in protein, vitamins and minerals. It's a good producer of high-quality feed and is utilized extensively as a soil building crop. It's an excellent legume to use in combination with other legumes and grasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Hairy Vetch

Hairy vetch, Vicia villosa, is a hardy, winter annual legume that can be planted in either fall or spring. It is used for cover cropping, hay, pasture, or as erosion control and is commonly planted with cereal grains. Few legumes match hairy vetch for spring residue production or nitrogen contribution, soil conditioning, early weed suppression, and adaptability. It is widely adapted and winter hardy through hardiness zone 4 and into zone 3 (with snow cover). Hairy vetch is a top nitrogen provider in temperate and subtropical regions. The cover grows slowly in fall, but root development continues over winter. Growth quickens in spring when hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 20-25

Crownvetch

Crown vetch, Coronilla varia, is an attractive, long-lived perennial. It has poor seedling vigor but is persistent once established. Crown vetch is sod-forming and used for erodible soil stabilization, roadside stabilization, mine reclamation, and landscaping.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 110,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-20

Crimson Clover

Crimson clover, as a winter annual, is usually planted in the late summer to early fall. Used as a winter cover for soil protection or green manure crop for soil improvement. It can be utilized in pasture, hay, organic farming, pollinator enhancement, or silage mixes.

Cowpeas

Cowpeas are the most productive heat-adapted legume used agronomically in the U.S. They thrive in hot, moist zones where corn flourishes, but require more heat for optimum growth. Cowpeas protect soil from erosion, smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb. N/A.

Cicer Milkvetch

Cicer Milkvetch, Astragalus cicer L., is an extremely winter-hardy, long-lived, sod-forming perennial legume. Its forage is late-maturing, bloat-free, succulent, and very palatable for all classes of livestock.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-7

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Birdsfoot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus L., is a long-lived, highly palatable legume with a high feed value. It is winter-hardy, widely adapted, easy to maintain, and has certain advantages over alfalfa, ladino clover, and red clover. It is more tolerant of infertile and acidic soil, less likely to cause bloat, and survives better than most legumes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 375,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-10

Berseem Clover

A fast-growing summer annual, Berseem clover can produce up to 8 tons of forage under irrigation. It's a heavy N producer and the least winter hardy of all true annual clovers. This makes it an ideal winter-killed cover before corn or other nitrogen-demanding crops in Corn Belt rotations. Berseem clover draws down soil N early in its cycle. Once soil reserves are used up, it can fix 100 to 200 lb. N/A or more. It establishes well with an oat nurse crop, making it an excellent cover for small grain>corn>soybean rotations.

Balansa Clover

A newer cover crop used in the Southeastern U.S., balansa clover (Trifolium michelianum Savi) is a small-seeded annual legume with superior reseeding potential compared with other legumes, including crimson clover. Well-adapted to a wide range of soil types, balansa performs particularly well on silty clay soil with a pH of about 6.5. Established stands tolerate waterlogging, moderate salinity, and soil pH from 4.5 to 8.0. It does not do well on highly alkaline soils (30). It is considered marginal in Zone 6B.

Australian Winter Peas (Field Peas)

High N-fixers, AWP produce abundant vining forage and contribute to short-term soil conditioning. succulent stems break down easily and are a quick source of available N. AWP grow rapidly in the cool, moist weather they encounter as winter annuals in the South, and as early-sown summer annuals in the Northeast, North Central and Northern Plains areas. Austrian winter peas, can withstand temperatures as low as 10° F with only minor injury, but they don’t overwinter consistently in areas colder than moderate Hardiness Zone 6. Under a long, cool, moist season during their vegetative stages, Austrian winter peas produce more than 5,000 lb. dry matter/A. Austrian winter peas are top N producers, yielding from 90 to 150 lb. N/A, and at times up to 300 lb. N/A. Water thrifty, Quick growing, Forage booster, Long-term bloomer ( an early and extended source of nectar for honeybees), Chill tolerant.

Alsike Clover

Aislike Clover is a winter-hardy, short-lived perennial clover that acts as a biennial. It is well adapted to cool climates and wet soils. Aislike is ideal for hay production in areas of high precipitation or poorly drained soils and for short rotation pasture mixes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 700,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-10

Alfalfa

Alfalfa, Medicago sativa, is a deep-rooted and moderately long-lived perennial. It is one of the most widely used legumes for hay production as well as in pasture, range and revegetation mixes. Some varieties exhibit spreading ability that is suitable for grazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Yellow Bluestem

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 830,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Wilman Lovegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,300,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Weeping Lovegrass

Weeping lovegrass, Eragrostis curvula, is a rapidly growing perennial, warm-season, introduced bunch grass reaching heights of 2 to 4 feet. The drooping basal shape leaf characteristic gives rise to the name “weeping” lovegrass. This grass prefers a light-textured, well-drained soil and will thrive on soils of low fertility. It produces excellent pasture during early spring and fall if grazed close. Weeping Lovegrass is distributed throughout the Southern Great Plains of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 24-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Tobosa

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,695,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Tanglehead

Tanglewood, Heteropogon contortus, is a short-lived perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing between 3 to 8 feet in height. It is palatable to most livestock for grazing rather than hay. Tanglewood is drought tolerant and reestablishes from its own seed. In the United States, it is present in the southern parts of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and in Hawaii.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 630,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 36-96"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Switchgrass

Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum, is a perennial, warm-season, native sod-forming grass that grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Switchgrass is very tolerant of poor soils, flooding, and drought. Seedlings tend to be slow to develop and are susceptible to weed competition. This species prefers moderately deep to deep, somewhat dry to poorly drained, sandy to clay loam soils. Switchgrass provides high-quality pasture and hay for livestock and is also used for reclamation sand dunes and dikes. It has climatically adapted throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 259,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 19"; Mature Height: 36-60"; Growth Habit: Sod

Sudangrass

Sudangrass, Sorghum sudanese, is a highly palatable and high-yielding summer annual forage. It is adapted to many types of soils and environments but use with caution when grazing or haying because of nitrates and prussic acid.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 68,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 20-30

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Spike Muhly

Spike Muhly, Muhlenbergia wrightii, is a perennial, native bunchgrass that grows 12 to 18 inches tall. It is adapted to a wide spectrum of soils making it useful for revegetation on rangelands, mine lands, and other reclaimed sites. Spike Muhly can be found across southwestern Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,600,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 15"; Mature Height: 12-18"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sorghum

Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, is widely cultivated as a grain and forage and is a drought tolerant bunch grass type. It is typically used for milo grain production in the south and forage production in the north. Forage sorghum is a hybrid with a very sweet stem, excellent leaf retention, and is highly palatable. Forage sorghum has excellent foliar disease resistance and maintains a healthy canopy until harvest. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 20-40

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sideoats Grama

Sideoats grama, Bouteloua curtipendula, is a medium-size perennial, warm-season, bunchgrass or sod-forming grass that grows 15 to 30 inches tall or occasionally taller. Sideoats grama is a large and coarse grass found on rocky open slopes, woodlands, and forest openings up to an elevation of approximately 7,000 feet. It has adapted to most soil conditions and is one of the most important range grasses. Sideoats grama is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 160,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 15-30"; Growth Habit: Bunch/Sod

Sand Lovegrass

Sand lovegrass, Eragrostis trichodes, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 24 to 60 inches tall. It persists on deep sands and sandy loam soils. Sand lovegrass can be found in the Central and Southern Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,600,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 24-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sand Dropseed

Sand dropseed, Sporobolus cryptandrus, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing 16 to 40 inches tall. It is without rhizomes and commonly grows on sandy soils but is also adapted to medium-textured soils. It is not tolerant of wet soils. Sand Dropseed is a very essential grass for wind erosion control on sandy soil sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 5,600,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): .5-1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7"; Mature Height: 16-40"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sand Bluestem

Sand bluestem, Andropogon hallii, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass. In the best growing conditions it can reach 7 feet in height. It is often used in erosion control plantings on sandy, loamy sand or sandy loam sites. Sand bluestem is a good to excellent forage due to its palatability and high yield. It is predominantly found west of the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 100,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-84"; Growth Habit: Sod

Ruby Grass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rothrock's Grama

Rothrock's grama, Bouteloua rothrockii, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 6 to 12 inches tall. It is drought tolerant and thrives on poor, rocky soils. Rothrock's grama is used for reclamation in parts of Utah, Arizona and New Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,400,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 13"; Mature Height: 6-12"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Purple Three-awn

Purple three-awn, Aristida purpurea, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunchgrass that grows up to 16 inches in height. It is deep-rooted growing in well-drained soils. It has good forage potential and provides grass cover in hot deserts of the southwest. Purple three-awn can be found across the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 250,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 16-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Prairie Sandreed

Prairie sandreed, Calamovilfa longifolia, is a long-lived perennial, warm-season grass growing 24 to 72 inches in height. This native sod-forming grass possesses rigid, leafy stems. It is used mostly for range seedings in mixtures and it prefers sandy sites and is drought tolerant and winter hardy. Prairie sandreed is found in the northern and central Great Plains and intermountain desertic basin plant growth regions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 274,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 24-72"; Growth Habit: Sod

Plains Lovegrass

Plains lovegrass, Eragrostis intermedia, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunchgrass growing 15 to 36 inches tall. This grass is poor grazing for wildlife but good grazing for livestock. It grows best on rich soils and on rocky, gravelly or sandy land. Plains lovegrass is most commonly found throughout the southwest United States. 

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 3,500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11"; Mature Height: 15-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Plains Bristlegrass

Plains bristlegrass, Setaria vulpiseta, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunchgrass. It is found on open dry ground, in dry woods, and on well-drained soils along gullies, stream courses, and other areas with occasional very abundant moisture. It provides moderate to high quality forage for all types of grazing livestock. Plains bristlegrass makes up an appreciable part of the forage on southwestern ranges and can grow up to 36" tall.  

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 290,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-9

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores Seashore Paspalum

New - Seeded Seashore Paspalum. Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores bring new dimensions to warm season turf and reclamation seedings. Used to combat environmental extremes with environmental sensitivity, Seashore Paspalum is known for inherent salinity tolerance and can be managed with irrigation water from recycled water or water subjected to saltwater intrusion sources. Ocean Mist and Ocean Shores are low-input grasses that can utilize a wide range of recycled water and requires less nitrogen than bermudagrass. Suitable for greens, tees and fairways, sports turf, lawn & landscape. Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores can also grow under lower light intensity and waterlogging conditions better than bermudagrass. Found growing naturally in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, Seashore Paspalum is found in coastal environments, often in brackish sand areas along marsh water and in close proximity to ocean waters. It also grows in areas that receive extended periods of heavy rains and low light intensity. In addition to managed turfgrass applications, other important uses are erosion control, wetland restorations, and site reclamation on oil and gas well sites, dams, dikes and burms.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 850,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90

Mature Height: 6" Growth Habit: Sod

Little Bluestem

Little bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium, is a slow-growing perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass reaching a height of 18” in dry areas and 36" to 60" in deep, fertile soils. It displays coarse stems and basal leaves that are greenish-blue to purplish in color. Little bluestem grows on a wide variety of soils, but is very well-adapted to well-drained, medium to dry, infertile high-salinity soils. It is resistant to trampling and great for forage as it is very palatable for livestock, deer, and elk and suitable for hay. Little bluestem is distributed throughout the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 250,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 18-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Lehmann's Lovegrass

Lehmann's lovegrass, Eragrostis lehmanniana, is a perennial, warm-season, introduced sod-forming grass that grows 12 to 24 inches tall. It is adapted to a wide variety of sites and is drought tolerant. It has good palatability for livestock and the seed passes unharmed through the animal assisting with reseeding. Lehmann's lovegrass can persist for several years in the soil until the soil has adequate moisture for growth. It is common to find Lehmann's lovegrass across the Southwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 0.5-1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Kleingrass

Kleingrass, Panicum coloratum, is a perennial, warm-season, introduced bunchgrass that grows 36 to 48 inches tall at maturity. It is adapted to a wide range of heavy soils and dry conditions and does well as an introduced grazing and hay grass for ruminants. Kleingrass performs well on loamy to clayey soils and is salt tolerant. Kleingrass also has considerable drought tolerance but is not cold tolerant. It is common to find kleingrass in southern New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Arizona. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 36-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Inland Saltgrass

Inland saltgrass, Distichlis stricta, is a warm-season perennial with tough, scaly rhizomes that will grow 4 to 16 inches tall. This species is found in wetlands, swales and margins of ponds, lakes, and reservoirs across the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 520,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 5-70"; Mature Height: 4-16"; Growth Habit: Sod

Green Sprangletop

Green sprangletop, Leptochloa dubia, is a short-lived perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing 24 to 42 inches tall. It grows well on rocky sites and soils and is cold and drought tolerant. It is primarily used for erosion control and grazing as it is highly palatable and nutritious to all classes of livestock. Green sprangletop is adapted throughout Texas, Southern New Mexico, Southeast Arizona, and Florida.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 538,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11"; Mature Height: 24-42"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Giant Dropseed

Giant dropseed, Sporobolus giganteus, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows at least 24 inches tall. It prefers light, sandy and medium-loamy soils, requires well-drained soil and prefers acid, neutral and basic or alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade and requires dry or moist soil thus making it very drought tolerant. Because is has poor palatability, it is commonly used for erosion control on sand dunes or blowouts. Giant dropseed is mainly found in New Mexico and other parts of Southwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,700,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 24-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

German Millet

German or foxtail millet, Setaria italica ssp. stramineofructa, is a popular hay type millet that is leafy and fine-stemmed with compact heads. It exhibits good lodging resistance. The hay is sweet and palatable when harvested at late bloom. German millet blooms later than Siberian millet with yellow seed.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 80-100,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 25+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Annual

Galleta Grass

Galleta grass, Pleuraphis jamesii, is a perennial, warm-season, native, low coarse grass growing 3 to 20 inches tall. It reproduces through rhizomes and seeds and occurs in a wide variety of soils although it is most abundant on fine-textures soils where other grasses are rare. Galleta is a highly palatable forage plant for cattle, horses, and sheep particularly when used during late spring and summer. It is useful for roadside seedings, campgrounds, and picnic areas due to its high traffic tolerance. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 3-20"; Growth Habit: Sod

Cane Beardgrass

Cane beardgrass, Bothriochloa barbinodis, is a perennial, warm-season, native grass reaching heights of 2 to 4 feet. Leaves are green to blue-green in color and narrow, long, and rough. The seedhead is a raceme 3 to 5 inches long, silvery to creamy or silky white when ripe. It is considered to be good forage for wildlife and livestock when green but tends to become unpalatable when dry. Cane beardgrass is ideal for seeding arid Southwestern landscapes. It is best suited for plantings on silty or clayey soils and is drought tolerant. It is found in the Southwestern United States and Mexico.

Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2; Mature Height: 24-48"; Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Buffalograss

Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides, is a perennial, low-growing, warm-season grass. Leaf blades are 10" to 12” long, but they fall over and give the turf a short appearance. This grass occurs naturally and grows best on clay loam to clay soils and is not adapted to shaded sites. It has a low fertility requirement and it often will maintain good density without supplemental fertilization. Buffalograss is a native sod-forming grass found throughout the Midwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 45,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 1-12"; Growth Habit: Sod

Blue Panicgrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 657,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Blue Grama

Blue grama, Bouteloua gracilis, is a common perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass reaching 10 to 20 inches tall. It reproduces by tillering and by seed. Mature seed heads are curved, resembling a human eyebrow. This grass demonstrates good drought, fair salinity, and moderate alkalinity tolerances. It does not tolerate dense shade, flooding, a high water table, or acidic soils. Blue grama is distributed throughout the Western United States but primarily throughout the Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 720,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 13"; Mature Height: 10-20"; Growth Habit: Bunch/Sod

Black Grama

Black grama, Bouteloua eriopoda, is a perennial warm-season, native, sod-forming bunch grass that grows 12 to 24 inches tall. It grows in large patches and spreads by stolons. Black grama is one of the best, most nutritious grasses producing an abundance of forage. It remains palatable and nutritious throughout the year. With low seed production, this grass is difficult to reestablish once it has disappeared from a range.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,300,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Big Bluestem

Big bluestem, Andropogon gerardii, is a perennial, warm-season, native-tufted, sod-forming grass. It is tall, reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet on most sites when left ungrazed. It has short, scaly rhizomes and seed heads that normally have 3 spikelets that appear like a ‘turkey foot'. Big bluestem can be found from the short grass prairie region to the Atlantic Ocean.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 72+"; Growth Habit: Bunch/Sod

Bermudagrass

Bermudagrass is a warm-season sod forming perennial that spreads by stolons, rhizomes, and seed. Bermudagrass has a fibrous root system with vigorous, deep rhizomes. This is a major turf species for sports fields, lawns, parks, golf courses, and general utility turfs in the warm season regions. Bermudagrass has very good drought tolerance, traffic tolerance, and can handle poor water quality compared to other turfgrasses.

Ask for availability of proprietary turf and common bermudagrasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,600,000 (unhulled) / 2,200,000 (hulled)

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90

Arizona Cottontop

Arizona cottontop, Digitaria californica, is a perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 12 to 24” tall. It is green to bluish-green in color and has adapted to a variety of soils from clay loam to sandy loam as well as loose gravelly soils. Arizona cottontop is primarily used for revegetation of eroded rangelands, retired croplands, and to provide forage for wildlife and livestock. It is common in the Southwest from southern Colorado to Texas, Arizona, and northern Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkali Sacaton

Alkali sacaton, Sporobolus airoides, is a tough perennial, warm-season, native grass growing in large bunches 24 to 42 inches tall. It grows on dry to moist sites with sand or gravelly soil. This species is used for good forage or grazing grass in lowland and in alkali regions. Alkali sacaton’s abundant herbage is eaten by cattle, sheep, and horses. It ranges from South Dakota to Washington, south to Missouri, Kansas, Texas, and Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 1,750,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6"; Mature Height: 24-42"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Small Burnet

Small Burnet, Sanguisorba minor, is an excellent four-season, summer blooming, forage for wildlife and livestock. It is especially desirable forage for elk, deer, antelope and birds either as forage or seed. The ideal environmental requirements are full sun and dry, well-drained or sandy soil. Small Burnet tolerates weakly saline to weakly acidic sites and persists in well-drained soils. It is considered fire resistant due high moisture content in leaves and stems. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 55,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 8-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Regional Wildflower Mixture

Regionally designed mixture of Perennials and Annuals for use in general purpose wildflower plantings such as meadow and low-input areas. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Big Horn Fescue with 5-6 lbs of Wildflowers per acre. All native mixtures can be formulated for your area.

Phacelia tanacetifolia (Lacy Phacelia)

Phacelia tanacetifolia , aka. Lacy Phacelia, is used extensively in Europe, both as a cover crop and bee forage, and is gowing in popularity & use in the US. Phacelia is quick to grow and flower and grows well in dry soil. It does a good job of limiting nitrate leaching when planted in early fall. It winterkills at about 18°F. In cooler regions, it can be used as a between cash crops cover crop in the summer. Phacelia is listed as one of the top 20 honey-producing flowers for honeybees and is also highly attractive to bumblebees and syrphid (hover) flies. Phacelia's habit of flowering abundantly and for a long period can increase beneficial insect numbers and diversity, because it provides high quality nectar and pollen.

Perennial Wildflower Mixture

All Perennial Wildflowers for several seasons of color. Varied species for season-long color. All Annual Wildflower mixture may be added for greater color expression in year one. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Big Horn Fescue with 5-6 lbs of Wildflowers per acre.

Custom Wildflower Mixtures

Custom mixtures are available to match specific requirements such as low growing, drought tolerant, partial shade, pollinator species, and regional native species.

Annual Wildflower Mixture

All Annual Wildflowers for first season color impact. Varied species for season-long color. Reseeding is recommended, however, some self-seeding may occur under proper conditions and management.

VITALITY PRO 375CR Alfalfa

VITALITY PRO™ 375CR alfalfa is a new conventional creeping root alfalfa with rhizomatous stems designed for dryland pastures. As the alfalfa stand gets older, the adventitious stems develop crowns to fill in the stand. VITALITY PRO™ 375CR can be used for both hay and pasture systems and produces excellent forage yields. It expresses the branch rooted trait that can tolerate wetter conditions.

Ladak + Alfalfa

Ladak + Alfalfa, Medicago sativa, is a drought tolerant cultivar selected from a 28-year-old alfalfa stand near Spokane, WA. Ladak + Alfalfa exhibits improved persistence, drought tolerance, and seed yield and is highly resistant to Bacterial Wilt, Phytopthora root rot, and stem nematode.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Wheat

Wheat, Triticum aestivum, is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain. There are many different varieties of wheat grown throughout the world such as Soft/Hard/White/Red. However, there are only two classifications of wheat: winter and spring. Each particular type of wheat; Hard Red, Soft Red, Hard White, Soft White, and Durum have a different use in the flour milling industry and may require slightly different climatic growing conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,000 - 20,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Western Wheatgrass

Western wheatgrass, Pascopyrum smithii, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season native sod-forming grass growing in small clusters from 12 to 36 inches tall. It is common to moist, sometimes saline to saline-sodic, and medium to fine-textured soils. It has adapted to stabilizing disturbed soils because of its extensive, strong spreading rhizomes combined with a few deep roots. Western wheatgrass is a good hay source and forage to domestic and wild animals across the Great Plains, southwest, and Intermountain region of the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 115,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Sod

Western Mannagrass

Western mannagrass, Glyceria occidentalis, is a native species important in reducing erosion along streambanks and lakeshores and is found in freshwater marshes, potholes and wetland prairies. Western mannagrass is a perennial herb that grows up to 8 feet tall. It is a storm water management species with major use in the Pacific Northwest. Waterfowl and other wildlife utilize the plant and seeds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18+"; Mature Height: 60-100"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Western Fescue

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Water Sedge

Water or aquatic sedge, Carex aquatilis, is a perennial herb that grows 8 to 32 inches tall. It is found in large meadows in high montane or around ponds and streams at lower elevations across the northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 485,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5

Mature Height: 8-32"; Growth Habit: Sod

Upland Bluegrass

Loosely tufted; spreads from roots; low-growing. Resembles Canada Bluegrass. Erosion control and vegetation.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Tufted Hairgrass

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native, densely tufted bunch grass, growing 24 to 48”. It grows in deep, moisture-saturated, poorly or drained soils, and well-developed soils. It is somewhat tolerant to salt and alkalinity. Tufted Hairgrass is considered to be a good forage for livestock and wildlife. It resists toxic wastes, and is therefore often used in the reclamation of mining sites. It is also recommended for the reclamation of subalpine, alpine, and mountain meadow habitats. Found in the Rocky Mountain region and west to the coast, and northeastern states.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Triticale

Quickguard triticale, Triticum aestivum x Secale cereale, is a hardy hybrid of wheat and cereal rye producing a high yield of forage. Quickguard combines the grain quality, productivity, and disease resistance of wheat with the vigor and hardiness of rye. Both winter and spring types were developed with an emphasis on spring types. Quickguard is an annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. It is well-adapted to a wide range of soil varieties and is used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Quickguard is adapted all across the United States. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 18-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Timothy

Timothy, Phleum pratense, is a relatively short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunchgrass that grows in erect stools or culms 20 to 40 inches tall. It has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system which thrives best on rich, moist bottomlands and on finer textured soils such as clay loams. It does not do well on coarser soils. Timothy is palatable, nutritious, and primarily used for hay but also makes good pasture and silage. It has adapted to a cool and humid climate and is distributed throughout the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate: 1,165,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 20-40"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Thurber's Needlegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Thickspike Wheatgrass

Thickspike wheatgrass, Elymus lanceolatus ss. lanceolatus, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native sod-forming grass growing from 12 to 36 inches tall. Its extensive rhizomatous root system combined with a few deep roots makes it more drought tolerant than western wheatgrass. This species is common to the northern Great Plains and Intermountain region of the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 154,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Sod

Tall Wheatgrass

Tall wheatgrass, Thinopyrum ponticum, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced bunchgrass that grows 3 to 7 feet tall. It is a tall, coarse, late-maturing grass that is especially tolerant of saline or alkali soils and adapted to either irrigated or sub-irrigated. It prefers soils with a high water table. Tall wheatgrass is used in wildlife plantings where its tall, persistent, bunchy growth provides nesting sites and cover for upland gamebirds. Tall wheatgrass occurs in the Rocky Mountain region from northern New Mexico to Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 75,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 12-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 36-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Tall Oatgrass

High-yielding and palatable hay and pasture. Prefers well-drained soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Tall Fescue

Tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea, is very adaptable to soil and moisture types. It is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass growing up to 5 feel tall. This deep-rooted bunchgrass is used for pasture, hay, turf, and erosion control. It will grow fairly well on soils low in fertility but it is better adapted to fertile conditions. Tall fescue can be grazed closely and does contain endophytes. Adaptation regions include all areas east of the Great Plains except southern and central Florida. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 230,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 15-18

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 24-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Swordleaf Rush

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 18-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Straight-leaved Rush

Mature Height: 24+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Streambank Wheatgrass

Streambank wheatgrass, Elymus lanceolatus ssp. psammophilus, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native grass growing from 12 to 36 inches tall. The leaves have a light green and grey tint and are somewhat curled on the ends. It is drought tolerant and commonly used for reclamation and not forage production. Streambank wheatgrass is found in the northern Great Plains and Intermountain region of the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 156,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Sod

Standard Crested Wheatgrass

Crested wheatgrass, Agropyron cristatum, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch type reaching 12 to 36 inches tall. This drought-tolerant and winter-hardy grass has a deep-rooted system making it an excellent soil binder. Crested wheatgrass is commonly recommended for a palatable forage production and is one of the most significant cultivated grasses in the United States used for conservation and forage. It is well-adapted to stabilizing disturbed soils and does well on shallow to deep, moderately coarse to fine-textured, moderately well to well-drained soils. Crested wheatgrass is commonly seeded in the arid sections of the western United States.  

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 311,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Spike Rush

Mature Height: 12-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slough Sedge

Slough sedge, Carex obnupta, is a perennial grass-like plant with stout, creeping rhizomes that grows 12 to 36 inches tall. It is found on wet meadows, roadsides ditches, coastal swamps, lakeshores, bogs, marshes, and riverbanks along the west coast of the United States. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 570,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Sod

Softstem Bulrush

Softstem bulbrush, Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, is a perennial herb from slender rhizomes that grows up to 10 feet tall. It can be found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes, streams, and occasionally bogs throughout the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 550,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Mature Height: 40-80"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Soft Rush

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1 Mature Height: 36+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Soft Chess


Soft Chess, Bromus hordeaceus, is also referred to as soft brome.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 270,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Annual

Snake River Wheatgrass

(aka. Bluebunch Wheatgrass) A palatable, cool-season native common in the Northern Great Plains and Intermountain United States. Persistent, drought-tolerant and compatible with slower growing natives.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Smooth Brome

Smooth brome, Bromus inermis, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming growing 24" to 48” spread by rhizomes. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a “W” a short distance below the tip. It is resistant to drought and extreme temperatures. Smooth brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses and it is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 15"; Mature Height: 24-48"; Growth Habit: Sod

Small-fruited Bulrush

Small-fruited bulbrush, Scirpus microcarpus, can be found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes and streams. It is a perennial herb with long, stout rhizomes that grows up to 48” tall. Small-fruited bulbrush can be found on sloughs, streambanks, ditches and wet clearings throughout the West and Northeast United States and occasionally bogs throughout the entire U.S.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 4,500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 30-48"; Growth Habit: Sod

Slender Wheatgrass

Slender wheatgrass, Elymus trachucaulus ssp. trachycaulus, is a short-lived perennial, cool-season, native, tufted bunchgrass ranging in height from 24 to 30 inches. It has very short rhizomes which prefer loams and sandy loam soils. It is a relative species to the mountain and intermountain areas of the western United States and the northern Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 135,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 24-30"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Rush

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 6-36" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Hairgrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Creeping Red Fescue

Slender creeping red fescue, Festuca rubra var. litoralis, is a variety of fine fescues that are primarily used for low maintenance sites because of their reduced water requirements, low fertility needs, and reduced growth rates. In general, slender creeping red fescues have better salt tolerance that strong creeping red fescues but lack heat tolerance. Slender creeping red fescue is widely used in cool maritime regions in Europe.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 215-260

Siberian Wheatgrass

Siberian wheatgrass, Agropyron fragile ssp. sibericum, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. Similar to desert wheatgrass, Siberian is more drought tolerant and retains its greenness and palatability later into the summer than standard, fairway or even the hybrid cross types.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 205,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-11

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sheep Fescue

Sheep fescue, Festuca ovina, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 12 to 24 inches tall. It is well adapted to most soil conditions and can be used for erosion control and low maintenance mixtures. Sheep fescue is found across the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 530,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Shadow II Chewings Fescue

With outstanding overall turfgrass quality, Shadow II was rated the number one fine leaf fescue in both the 1993-97 and 1999-2002 NTEP fine leaf fescue trials. Featuring excellent drought tolerance and recovery, Shadow II is an outstanding choice for both fine and low-maintenance turf. An ideal component for all mixes.

Sandberg Bluegrass

Sandberg bleugrass, Poa sandbergii, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bluegrass reaching 24" to 48” in height. It thrives on a variety of soils from moderately coarse sands to fine clays. Sandberg bluegrass is distributed throughout the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Russian Wildrye

Deep-rooted, leafy forage species. Used extensively for late summer/fall grazing. Poor seedling vigor.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 162,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rough Fescue

Rough fescue, Festuca campestris, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunchgrass averaging 12 to 14 inches in height. The basal leaves have a purple coloration and are firm, rough, and tightly enrolled. Rough fescue thrives on sandy loams to moderately-heavy soils making it the highest producing bunchgrass in the mountain grasslands. It is not tolerant of any extremes in soil salinity, acidity or drought. Rough fescue can be found in open mountain grasslands to the foothills and northern prairies. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 12-14"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Rough Bluegrass

Rough bluegrass, Poa trivialis, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced grass that spreads by stolons and forms dense, thick patches. The leaf blades are upright at first, but tend to lay down and mat as the patches become older. It is capable of withstanding a considerable amount of shade if sufficient moisture is present. Rough bluegrass is primarily used in turf and is considered a nuisance in the Rocky Mountain region.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Roemers Fescue

A perennial, native bunch grass found west of the Cascade Mountains in the Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 24" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rice Cutgrass

Valuable for wildlife habitat, wetland restoration and mine reclamation. Rice Cutgrass tolerates a wide range of soils from 5.1 to 8.0 pH and has been reported to grow in highly acidic soils (pH 3.0).

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 360,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 36-48" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rescue Grass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 75,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Regreen Hybrid

Regreen, Triticum aestivum x Secale cereale, is an annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. This is a sterile, non-reseeding cross between wheat and tall wheatgrass. It is well adapted to a wide range of soil varieties and used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Regreen is adapted to regions all across the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 12,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 18-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Reed Canarygrass

Reed canarygrass, Phalaris arundinacea, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet. The extensive, rhizomatous root system protects it from drought. Reed canarygrass is also suited to wet soils and dense growth of coarse erect stems, providing excellent erosion control especially along stream banks, shorelines, and waterways. It can be found throughout western, northern, and northeastern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 540,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 6-8'; Growth Habit: Sod

Redtop

Reptop, Agrostis gigantea, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass growing to 30 or 40 inches tall. This variety has a coarse but fairly dense turf that has slender stems. It will grow under a wide variety of soil and moisture conditions, is drought resistant, and also grows well on poorly drained soils. Redtop is used for erosion control, pastures, temporary grass in turf seedings, and occasionally for hay. It is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 4,850,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 0.5-1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20"; Mature Height: 30-40"; Growth Habit: Sod

Red Brome

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 265,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Annual

Pubescent Wheatgrass

Pubescent wheatgrass, Elytrigia intermedia ssp. trichophorum, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass 36 to 48 inches tall. The grass has basal-type leaves and spreads by rhizomes. The strongest asset of pubescent wheatgrass is its ability to stay green into the summer months when soil moisture is adequate. It has adapted to a wide range of conditions including low-fertility soils and is saline soil tolerant making it drought and winter tolerant. Pubescent wheatgrass yields high-quality hay and pasture grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 95,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 36-48"; Growth Habit: Sod

Prairie Junegrass

Prairie junegrass, Koeleria macrantha, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 12 to 30 inches tall. It persists in open woodlands and ponderosa pine at higher elevations. Prairie junegrass is used for revegetating rangeland, mine sites, and other disturbed sites. It is commonly found across southern Canada to Texas, California, and Washington.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,315,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 12-30"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Perennial Ryegrass

Perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass growing to a height of 18 to 36 inches. Perennial ryegrass is one of the most widely used grasses and is adaptable to a wide variety of soils and climatic conditions. With a leafy head and fine stem, it is considered very palatable and used for both forage and hay. Perennial ryegrass is a proven performer in pastures in the northern area of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 227,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 18-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Orchardgrass

Orchardgrass, Dactylis glomerata, is a persistent perennial, cool-season, introduced bunchgrass, forming distinct flowering clumps 24 to 48 inches tall. It is one of the earliest species to grow in the spring making tremendous growth during cool conditions. It performs well on different textured soils ranging from clay to gravelly loams and on shallow to deep soils. The primary use of orchardgrass is for forage production as it is highly palatable to all livestock.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 430,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 24-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Oracle Creeping Red Fescue

Oracle Creeping Red Fescue is a popular choice to use in blends and mixtures with other species, when formulating for increased shade tolerance. Oracle is also adapted for use in blends and mixtures targeted towards sandy and other well drained soils, low input turf, and erosion mixtures.

Over-seeding 3-4 lbs./1,000 ft2.

New Seeding 5-6 lbs./1,000 ft2

Oats

Oats, Avena sativa, is an annual grass with kinds and varieties adapted either to fall planting and midsummer harvest or spring planting and late summer harvest. Most oats are used for livestock feed in the United States either as grain, pasture, hay or silage. Less than 5% of the total oat production in the United States is used for human consumption mainly in the form of breakfast foods and oat flour.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Newhy Wheatgrass

Newhy hybrid wheatgrass, Elymus hoff manii, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced, sod-forming grass that grows 12 to 24 inches tall. It is a cross between quackgrass and bluebunch wheatgrass making it both aggressive and productive. Newhy wheatgrass will recover quickly after grazing. It is used on both irrigated and dryland sites throughout the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 120,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 12-14

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Needle and Thread

Needle and Thread grass, Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 12 to 36 inches tall. It is without rhizomes, erect to ascending growing, and its seed has a sharp attachment point with beards near the point. Needle and Thread is very drought tolerant and has adapted to excessively drained, sandy or gravelly soils, shallow or deep sandy loam, fine sandy loam, and even clays that are shallow to deep. It is widely distributed throughout the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 135,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Nebraska Sedge

Nebraska sedge, Carex nebrascencis, is a cool-season perennial with numerous rhizomes that grows 10 to 30 inches tall. This variety is found in swamps, wet streambanks, and wet swales throughout the Intermountain Region and Pacific Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 535,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5

Mature Height: 10-30"; Growth Habit: Sod

Native Red Fescue

Low-growing shade and moist tolerant native. Used in restoration of meadows and wetlands of the Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 615,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Mutton Grass

Muttongrass, Poa fendleriana, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that usually grows 12 to 24 inches tall. The leaves are 2 to 12 inches long, growing largely from the base of the plant which has clusters of small, silvery-pink flowers. It is closely related to Cusick’s Bluegrass. This is a common grass of open woodland and forested areas and commonly used for grazing. Muttongrass is grown on a wide range of elevation and ranges on the western part of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Mountain Brome

Mountain brome, Bormus marginatus, is a short-lived, perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 3 to 4 feet tall. It is less aggressive than Smooth brome. Mountain brome prefers deep, fertile, mesic soils of medium to fine textures, but also survives on thin, dry or coarse soils, resulting in lower production levels. It is winter hardy and has good shade tolerance and fair tolerance to fire. Mountain brome is well-adapted to the Northwestern regions, the foothills and mountains of the Intermountain West, and some Midwestern States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 65,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 36-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Foxtail

Similar to Creeping Foxtail, but non-aggressive. Moist meadows, ditches, stream banks. Erosion control, forage.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 650,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Fescue

Meadow fescue, Festuca pratensis, is a short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunchgrass that grows 6 to 12 inches tall. It is slow to establish but is very palatable and highly productive. Meadow fescue is commonly found on cool and moist sites across the Pacific Northwest and northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 230,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 6-12"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Brome

Meadow brome, Bromus biebersteinii, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass that spreads by short rhizomes. Meadow brome can reach 2 to 6 feet in height when irrigated. It is primarily used for rotational forage production and is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. Meadow brome is very winter hardy and it performs best on fertile, moderately deep to deep, well-drained soils. It is used in cool, moist climates across the Northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 85,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 24-72"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Barley

Meadow barley, Hordeum brachyantherum, is a short-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 12" to 14” tall. It establishes rapidly and is a good cover crop in orchards and vineyards. Meadow barley tolerates drought as well as infertile, alkaline, and compacted soil. Meadow barley is especially useful in reclamation and erosion control and is common in the Western States and some of the North Eastern States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 85,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 12-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 12-14"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Mammoth Wildrye

A perennial, cool-season, native sod-forming grass that grows 24" to 48” tall. Used for stabilizing inland sand dunes, mine tailings and permanent cover on shallow to deep sands. Moderately tolerant of saline and saline sodic soils. It has poor palatability due to its coarse leaves, but it has been grazed in drought situations. Adapted to the Pacific Northwest and Intermountain Region.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 77,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Letterman Needlegrass

Letterman needlegrass, Achnatherum lettermanii, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass with mostly glabrous stems that are 6 to 24 inches tall. This species provides valuable forage for many species of wildlife and domestic livestock. Letterman needlegrass is an excellent reclamation grass for upper elevation regions and is found across the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 6-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis, is a perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass that grows 18" to 24” tall. It is a darker green foliage with longer leaves and pubescence at the bases of the leaves. In the West, it is very abundant and frequently used for hay and forage for sheep and cattle. In the East, it is planted as a pasture grass and not typically used for hay.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 1,200,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Japanese Millet

Japanese millet, Echinochloa frumentaceae L., grows 2 to 4 feet tall. It is taller and coarser than other foxtail millets and it matures quickly and thus its forage yield is much less than that of pearl millet. Japanese millet is also planted for wildlife feed and for temporary soil stabilization on construction sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 120,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 24-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Intermediate Wheatgrass

Intermediate wheatgrass, Elytrigia intermedia ssp. intermedia, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass growing 36 to 48 inches tall. It has short rhizomes and a deep-feeding root system, preferring well-drained loamy to clayey textured soils. Intermediate wheatgrass will tolerate slightly acidic to mildly saline conditions, can withstand moderate periodic flooding in the spring, and is very tolerant of fire. It has good palatability to livestock and wildlife and adapts well to the stabilization of disturbed soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 80,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 36-48"; Growth Habit: Sod

Indian Ricegrass

Indian Ricegrass, Achnatherum hymenoides, is a short to medium lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 8 to 30 inches tall. It is very winter hardy, has a broad climatic adaptation, and prefers dry and primarily loamy-sandy-gravelly sites. Indian ricegrass is highly palatable to livestock and wildlife. One of its greatest assets is stabilizing sites susceptible to wind erosion. Indian Ricegrass is generally found in the plains, foothills, mountains, and intermountain basins of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 160,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 4-6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 8-30"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Indiangrass

Indiangrass, Sorghastrum nutans, is a long-lived perennial, warm-season grass used to reseed range sites. This native bunchgrass grows 3 to 5 feet tall and provides wildlife habitat and livestock forage. Overgrazing can cause damage to Indiangrass. It grows best in deep, well-drained floodplain soils and is highly tolerant of poorly to excessively well-drained soils, acid to alkaline conditions, and textures ranging from sand to clay. Indiangrass once dominated the prairies of the central and eastern United States but today has adapted to the Northeast west to Texas and North Dakota.  

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 175,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 5"; Mature Height: 36-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Idaho Fescue

Idaho fescue, Festuca idahoensis, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 12 to 36 inches tall. Although it will grow anywhere, it prefers silt loam or sandy loam soils. Idaho Fescue has excellent cold tolerance, moderate drought tolerance, moderate shade tolerance, and has adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils. It is one of the most common and widely distributed grasses in the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Hycrest Crested Wheatgrass

Larger and more robust than its two parents, Hycrest provides improved forage quality, yield, seedling vigor, establishment and root development. Well adapted to sagebrush and juniper sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 335,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Highland Bentgrass

Highland or Dryland bentgrass. Stoloniferous and high-crowned. Unacceptable for quality turf. Reclamation and roadside use.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Hardstem Bulrush

Hardstem bulbrush, Schoenoplectus acutus, is a perennial herb with stout rhizomes that grows up to 10 ft tall. It can be found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes, streams, and occasionally bog lakes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 375,000; Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Mature Height: 10-120"; Growth Habit: Sod

Hard Fescue

Hard fescue, Festuca brevipila, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season grass growing 4 to 6 inches high. This introduced, densely-tufted bunchgrass is related to Chewings fescue and is a form of Sheep fescue although it has broader, longer, coarser, more lax leaves than Sheep fescue but is less drought tolerant. It has a dense, fibrous root system and is drought tolerant. Its abundant, dense leaves and low crowns make it suitable for erosion control. Hard fescue is primarily used for soil protection on road sides, ditchbanks, airports, skid trails in teh higher rainfall zones, and as a cover crop in irrigated orchards and windbreaks.  

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 600,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 4-6"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Gulf Annual Ryegrass

Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 200-700

Green Needlegrass

Green needlegrass, Nassella viridula, is a bright green perennial with a long grazing season. It is a cool-season, native bunchgrass growing between 18 to 36 inches tall. It grows on medium to fine-textured soils and naturally occurs on bottomlands, flat benches, and overflow areas along streams. Green needlegrass is a predominant, native grass throughout the Northern Plains states and is found as far south as Arizona.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 170,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 18-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Great Basin Wildrye

Tall, coarse, long-lived. Noted for bluish-green color. Grazes late fall/early winter. Restoration, esp. alkaline.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 9

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Foxtail Fescue

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Annual

Fox Sedge

Fox sedge, Carex vulpinoidea, is a perennial herb with thickened rootstocks that grows 8 to 36 inches tall. This variety is found on wet ditches, ravines, prairie swales, and the edges of marshes, springs, lakes, and ponds. Fox sedge is distributed across the entire United States with the exception of the desert southwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,440,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2

Mature Height: 8-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Fowl Mannagrass

Fowl mannagrass, Glyceria striata, is a cool-season, tufted perennial grass. It is adapted to shallow water edges and tolerates shade. Fowl mannagrass is smaller than other mannagrasses and very palatable. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 180,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 30"; Mature Height: 8-40"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Fowl Bluegrass

Fowl bluegrass, Poa palustris, is a stoloniferous, weakly rhizomatous perennial grass. It grows in moist, open meadows and streambanks and is highly palatable. It prefers fertile sandy to clayey alluvial soils and thrives in moist, cool, temperate climates with excellent winter hardiness. Fowl bluegrass can be used for lawns and landscaping as well. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,900,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: bunch/sod

Fluffgrass

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10 Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"

Mature Height: 3-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Festolium

Festulolium, Festulolium braunii, is a short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. It is derived from a cross between Italian ryegrass and meadow fescue. Its ease of establishment and management, drought resistance, rapid regrowth, and good disease resistance are combined with season-long productivity and high forage palatability.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 15-18

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 20-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Fawn Tall Fescue

Forage and erosion control use. Cool-season bunch type. Fast establishing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 224,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Elk Sedge

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 91,400 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Desert Needlegrass

Desert needlegrass, Achnatherum speciosum, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows at least 24 inches tall. It grows well in rocky, dry, or sandy areas of the desert making it very drought tolerant. The primary use is for revegetation or landscape. Desert needlegrass is found across the southwest desert of the United States and is used in restoration seedings in the more arid portions of the Great Basin.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 18-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Dahurian Wildrye

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 12" to 60” tall. Dahurian Wildrye has a deep root system allowing good drought tolerance, preferring well drained fertile soils. It germinates quickly and regrows aggressively after cutting and grazing, thus providing excellent palatable forage and making it common in pasture mixes. Located in the Northeast, Midwest and Northwestern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 125,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Crested Wheatgrass (Fairway Type)

Crested wheatgrass, Agropyron cristatum, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch type reaching 12 to 36 inches tall. This drought-tolerant and winter-hardy grass has a deep-rooted system making it an excellent soil binder. It is well-adapted to stabilizing disturbed soils. Crested wheatgrass is commonly seeded in the arid sections of the western United States. The Fairway type was first recognized in 1950 as being different than other crested types. Fairway is shorter, denser, finer-stemmed, and less productive than desert wheatgrass at lower elevations and may exceed desert wheatgrass production at higher elevations. Newer varieties such as Eparaim and Roadcrest exhibit strong rhizome activity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 311,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Creeping Red Fescue

Creeping Red fescue is adapted to most soil types. It is valued for shade tolerance and is an important turf grass and erosion control grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 547,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Meadow Foxtail

Creeping meadow foxtail, Alopecurus arundinaceus, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming, grass that grows 12 to 24 inches tall. It is extremely winter-hardy and recovers quickly from grazing due to its numerous aggressive underground rhizomes. Creeping meadow foxtail is palatable to all classes of livestock. It is most commonly utilized throughout the Pacific Northwest, Intermountain West, Northern Great Plain States, and Western Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 785,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Bentgrass

Creeping bentgrass, Agrostis palustris, is a stoloniferous, somewhat rhizomatous cool-season grass. It is typically used for putting greens, bowling lawns and erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/1,000 square feet): 1-1.5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: spreads by stolons

Creeping Beardless Wildrye

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 50,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Columbia Needlegrass

Columbia needlegrass, Achnatherum nelsonii ssp. dorei, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 6 to 24 inches tall without rhizomes. Growth starts in mid-spring and matures by September. Columbia needlegrass reproduces from seeds and tillers and may regrow in the fall if moisture is adequate. This species provides good forage for livestock and wildlife, however injury can occur from the sharp-pointed callus, working into the ears, eyes, nostrils and tongues of grazing animals. Also used for rangelands and reclamation, it is commonly found across the Western United States from Canada to Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"; Mature Height: 6-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Colonial Bentgrass

Colonial Bentgrass, Agrostis capillaris, is a stoloniferous, fine-textured and low-growing grass. It is typically used for turf and reclamation, especially in areas of poor drainage.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 5,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/1,000 square feet): 1.5-2.5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: bunch type

Chewings Fescue

Chewings fescue, Festuca rubra var. falax, is a fine fescue that is excellent for low maintenance sites as it has reduced water requirements, low fertility needs, and reduced growth rates. Chewings fescue differs from Creeping Red fescue because of its more erect growth and adaptability. This variety is typically used for turf and roadside erosion.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 365,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 215-260

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 1-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Cereal Rye

Cereal rye, Secale cereale, is a hardy annual grass that is widely cultivated for grain production, forage, and soil improvement. Due to the late harvest of many crops, fall-planted cover crops often do not reach adequate growth to provide winter soil protection but cereal rye can germinate and grow under cooler conditions and still provide considerable dry matter, an extensive soil-holding root system, significant reduction of nitrate leaching, and exceptional weed suppression. Cereal rye can also be used for spring forage production, and fed as pasture, green chop, or put up as haylage. It is the best cool-season cereal cover for absorbing unused nitrogen in the soil. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 80+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Annual

Canby Bluegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 8" to 16” tall. Canby Bluegrass is vigorous, long-leaved, late maturing, and more productive than other Bluegrasses. Used as low maintenance turf and forest roads in Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. Common to the Western U.S., Rocky Mountain, and Northern Great Plains region.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 925,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Canada Wildrye

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows to 48”. It is moderately drought tolerant and winter-hardy, and has good tolerance to salinity and shade. Found on sandy shores and dunes, wooded areas, especially along trails, rivers and streams, and other disturbed sites. Canada Wildrye is found throughout the Northeast, North and Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 108,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Canada Bluegrass

Canada bluegrass, Poa compressa, is a low-growing and palatable cool-season bluegrass that spreads through underground rhizomes. It is adaptable to poor soil and commonly used for roadside erosion and reclamation of disturbed areas such as gravel pits, cut roads, and mines.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000; Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8-24"; Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Sod

California Brome

Forage and reclamation uses with rapid establishment and soil stabilizing values. Often found as a pioneer species. Excellent for slopes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 80,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Bulbous Bluegrass

Somewhat invasive. Reproduces from bulbets that form in panicle. Used for pasture, erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 461,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Buffelgrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Broadleaf Cattail

Broadleaf Cattail, Typha latifolia, is a coarse, perennial herb with stout, branching rhizomes that can grow up to 10 feet tall. They are typically found in marshes, along streams and around lakes and ponds across northern parts of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): .5

Mature Height: 40-80"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Bottlebrush Squirreltail

Bottlebrush Squirreltail, Elymus elymoides, is a perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing between 4" to 25” tall. It is sometimes referred to as “bristlegrass” and is considered to be one of the most fire-resistant native bunch grasses. It is fair to desirable forage for cattle, horses and sheep. Bottlebrush squirreltail is commonly found throughout the Rocky Mountain region and West.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 190,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 7-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6"; Mature Height: 4-25"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Boreal Creeping Red Fescue

Common type creeping red fescue used in many economy lawn mixtures. Use improved varieties for better turf quality, disease resistance and persistance.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 320,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 150-250

Bluejoint Reedgrass

Bluejoint reedgrass, Calamagrostis canadensis, is a sod-forming, cool-season perennial that grows 20 to 48 inches tall. This native wetland species grass is found in lowland wet sites, semi-shaded woodlands, an windswept alpine ridges across northern United States and Canada. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,270,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 24"; Mature Height: 20-48"; Growth Habit: Sod

Bluebunch Wheatgrass

Bluebunch wheatgrass, Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunchgrass that grows 18 to 48 inches tall with strong rhizomes. It is very drought resistant, persistent, and adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils. This nutritious grass is used for hay production but is better suited and more palatable when used for grazing. Bluebunch wheatgrass is most common to the northern Great Plains and the Intermountain regions of the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 125,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 18-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Blue Wildrye

A large perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing up to 5’ in height. It is similar in stature and growth habit to slender wheatgrass. Blue Wildrye is good for streambank restoration, meadow and swale seeding. It is also excellent for reseeding burned or disturbed areas in oak woodland or forest. Found from California to Alaska and into the Great Plains and Northern Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Big Bluegrass

Big bluegrass, Poa ampla, is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 24" to 48” high. It is a tall, tufted grass that is remarkably drought resistant. Known for high production of palatable forage, it a very valuable range grass. Big bluegrass is the largest of the native bluegrasses found in the Intermountain zone of the Northwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 900,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"; Mature Height: 24-48"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Beardless Wildrye

Beardless wildrye, Leymus triticoides, is a perennial, cool-season, native sod-forming grass. It is typically at least 20 inches tall with strong rhizomes. This grass grows on mostly heavy soils in riparian areas, bottomlands, valleys, foothills, mountain flats, and meadows from coastal marshes to high elevations where wet, saline, and alkaline soils are present. Beardless wildrye is used for soil stabilization on channel, stream, and river slopes and restoration of roadside, riparian, and rangeland areas. It is also a good source of forage.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 170,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 10-36"; Growth Habit: Sod

Beardless Bluebunch Wheatgrass

Beardless bluebunch wheatgrass, Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. inermis, is a perennial, cool-season, native, erect bunchgrass. It grows 12 to 30 inches tall, often with short rhizomes. It has a wide spectrum of adaptations. Beardless bluebunch wheatgrass is found on all aspects of mountain slopes, benches, basins, alluvial fans, and in valley bottoms. Adapted to a wide variety of soils, it is found mostly in well-drained, medium to coarse textured soils which vary in depth from shallow to very deep.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 12-30"; Growth Habit: Sod

Beaked Sedge

Beaked sedge, Carex rostrata, is a cool-season, sod-forming perennial that grows 40 inches tall. It is found along streams, around lakes and ponds, wet meadows, and swamps from sea level to the mountains. Beaked sedge is distributed across northern parts of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 440,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 6-7

Mature Height: 12-40"; Growth Habit: Sod

Barley

Barley, Hordeum vulgare, is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated for yielding grain for breakfast food, animal feed and in malt beverages. Black barley, awnless, hooded, 2 row, 6 row, varying awn lengths and varying spike lengths characterize the many barley types.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Arizona Fescue

Arizona fescue, Festuca arizonica, is a long-lived, perennial, cool-season, native grass growing 12 to 36 inches tall. This densely tufted bunch grass is found on shallow clay loam to loam and sandy to gravelly soils. Arizona fescue has a heavy root system making it an excellent soil binder. This variety is suited for revegetating and stabilizing disturbed soils, roads, ski slopes and construction in the mountains. Arizona fescue is moderately palatable so it can be used for forage and range land restoration. It is native to the Ponderosa Pine zone from Colorado south to West Texas, Mexico, and Nevada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 3-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"; Mature Height: 12-36"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Annual Ryegrass

Annual ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum, has an extensive, soilholding root system. It is a fast-establishing, short-lived annual or biennial depending on climate and growing season, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses. As a cover crop, it establishes quickly even in poor, rocky or wet soils and tolerates some flooding once established. Annual ryegrass is well-suited for field strips, grass waterways, or exposed areas. Its dense yet shallow root system improves water infiltration and enhances soil tilth. As a high nitrogen user, annual ryegrass can capture leftover nitrogen and reduce nitrate leaching throughout the winter. Annual ryegrass is highly palatable and is relatively easy to establish so it can be used for grazing, hay, silage, and conservation purposes. It is widely adapted and found throughout the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 8-16

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"; Mature Height: 10-36"; Growth Habit: Annual

American Slough Grass

American Slough Grass is a native, cool-season grass used in wetland restoration and erosion control. Also used as wetland forage species and its seeds are an important food source for wildlife.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,100,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 19

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 20-40" Growth Habit: Bunch

American Mannagrass

American or Giant Mannagrass, Glyceria grandis, is a cool-season perennial bunchgrass that grows up to 5 feet tall. It is found in shallow water or wet meadows across the northern and western United States. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,280,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"; Mature Height: 40-60"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Altai Wildrye

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 24" to 48” tall. It develops short rhizomes and is generally drought tolerant and winter hardy. It has adapted to the loam and clay-loam soils of the prairies and is often used in pasture grass. Although the growth of Altai Wildrye is coarse, cattle and sheep find it very palatable. Found in the Intermountain Region and Northern Great Plains of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 56,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alpine Timothy

Alpine timothy, Phleum alpinum, is a perennial, cold-tolerant, native short grass that is traditionally a bunchgrass but can exhibit some sod-forming capabilities. It grows 6 to 24 inches in height and is commonly found in mountain meadows, bogs, and wet places. Alpine timothy also grows on relatively well-drained soils and grassy slopes. It is added to seed mixtures to revegetate livestock and big game ranges as well as protect roads, ski slopes, and mined lands. Alpine timothy occurs in the cooler and higher regions of the western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,045,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"; Mature Height: 6-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch/Sod

Alpine Bluegrass

Alpine bluegrass, Poa alpina, is a perennial, cold-tolerant, native bunch grass that grows 8" to 24” tall. It grows well in cooler alpine, sub-alpine zones, and mountain meadows. Alpine bluegrass prefers open sites and well-drained soil and is typically utilized for erosion control, reclamation, and restoration. It occurs in Colorado, Utah, Washington and Oregon.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,680,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20"; Mature Height: 8-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkaligrass

Alkaligrass is a perennial, cool-season grass native of the Western North American prairies and has many applications in turf, reclamation and native and naturalized sites where saline conditions occur. Alkaligrass, Puccinellia distans, is a low maintenance grass with a vigorous root system and fine-textured leaves. It is a valuable erosion control species for its saline tolerance and ability to withstand flooding. Alkaligrass is typically utilized in areas of saline water conditions and road salt as it grows on a wide range of soils and can tolerate high amounts of salinity. Alkaligrass is a native bunch grass standing 12" to 18” tall.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 12-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkali Bulrush

Alkali bulbrush, Bolboschoenus maritimus, is a perennial herb with rhizomes that grows up to 48” tall. It can be found at low to mid elevations in marshes, transient wet spots, pond margins and backwater areas. Alkali bulbrush is distributed from the West Coast of the United States east to Minnesota and south to Louisiana.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 160,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Mature Height: 10-48" Growth Habit: Sod

Sword Hard Fescue

Sword has many low input applications on golf courses, roadsides, parks and lawns. It thrives in low input management programs where little or no nitrogen is applied and mowing and irrigation is limited or restricted. National trials in multiple locations show Sword excels under Nitrogen rates of 0-1 Lb/1000 sq. ft. / year. Higher rates result in declining performance.

Seeding rate: 20-200 pounds per acre

Sterile Triticale - Quick Guard

An annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. A non-reseeding cross between wheat and cereal rye makes Quick Guard especially attractive as a nurse for native seedings and on erodible sites. Well-adapted to a wide range of soil varieties. Used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Adapted all across the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000

SPF-30 Hybrid Texas X Kentucky Bluegrass Seed

Now Professional Turf managers can add genetic diversity with a high-performance Texas Bluegrass x Kentucky Bluegrass cross! Expanding the area of adaptation for bluegrasses, TX x KBG types have been successful farther south than traditional Kentucky bluegrasses, and are adding heat tolerance and summer performance to northern zone turf. SPF 30 produces a high percentage of living ground cover throughout the summer, recovers quickly from drought, and is resistant to brown patch. With its aggressive rhizomes, SPF 30 improves the ability of tall fescue turf to recover when combined in a mixture. SPF 30 is an elite and medium-bladed bluegrass for landscape contractors, sports turf managers, and golf course superintendents who are battling the stress of summer heat. SPF 30 (HB 128) is a sister to HB 129 TX x KBG.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90-135

Sherman Big Bluegrass

Sherman Big bluegrass, Poa ampla, is a long-lived, cool-season bunch grass that was originally selected from a native range site in Sherman County, Oregon. It is a low-input species that requires as little as 11” of annual rainfall. Sherman Big blue is valuable in soil stabilization, forage-rangeland seedings and dryland hay production, mine reclamation, and provides critical upland wildlife food and habitat.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 920,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 9"; Mature Height: 12-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Sage Grouse Habitat Seed

Sage Grouse Habitat Seed Mixtures:

We custom formulate , use NRCS, or other specifications as you requre to help you create habitat and conserve natural resources.

Quail Habitat Seed

We custom mix quail and other wildlife habitat seed, using NRCS or other other specifications.

Pheasant Habitat Seed Mixtures

Pheasant habitat quality has a direct affect on populations. We custom mix using NRCS or other specifications to meet your conservation needs.

Minimus Hard Fescue

A-LIST QUALITY

MINIMUS offers several options on the golf course and in general, natural low maintenance turf areas. It thrives in low maintenance management and is ideal for meadows, parks and secondary roughs, as well as n areas where turf transitions to natural areas or into shade.

FUSTA Tettraploid Perennial Ryegrass

FUSTA is a high production tetraploid perennial ryegrass (4N-PRG) developed for managed rotational grazing, green-chop, pasture mixtures, haylage and hay production.

Fults II Alkaligrass

Alkaligrass is native of the Western North American prairies and has many applications in turf, reclamation and native and naturalized sites where saline conditions occur. Water levels in aquifers are dropping in some parts of the country, and saline water intrusion has become a problem. Fults II Alkaligrass, Puccinellia distans, is a cool-season bunch grass with 5 times the salt tolerance of Kentucky bluegrass. Fults II looks like fine fescue but differs as it persists in sunny locations and is not competitive in shade. It is a low maintenance grass that requires minimal fertility and can tolerate a range of mowing heights and mowing frequency. Moisture requirements of Fults II is as little as 1/5" annually, however it also thrives in moist conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Daisy Sheep Fescue

Long-lived with an extensive root system. Durable turf, erosion control. Tolerates cold and competes with weeds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 680,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 50-100

CRP Mixes

Conservation Reserve Program, CRP, Seed Mixes reduce soil erosion, protect the Nation's ability to produce food and fiber, reduce sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. CRP Seed encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filterstrips, or riparian buffers.

For technical specifications and eligibility requirements, consult the USDA Farm Service Agency, & Natural Resource Conservation Service.