Conservation, Reclamation & Native Seed

Native plants are those that naturally occur in a given habitat. A species that is native to one area of the world may not be native to another. However, native plants are generally well adapted to their particular environment and are more likely to thrive there. Once established, native plants provide an ecologically appropriate and environmentally sound habitat.

At Landmark Turf & Native Seed, we offer a complete and extensive selection of native seed and introduced seed species and varieties for reclamation, erosion control, mining, wetland, riparian, forestry and wildlife habitat. We custom blend and mix to meet Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) seed, utility right-of-way and mining reclamation seed specifications. View our Conservation, Reclamation and Native seed varieties below or contact us for more information.

Wildflower Mixtures

Landmark offers a variety of wildflower mixtures including:

Regional Native Mix

All Annual Mix

All Perennial Mix

Low Grow Mix

North American Mix

Custom Mixtures

White Yarrow

White (Summer-Early Fall)

White Western Yarrow

Perennial flower color: White. Adapted from lowlands to mountain highlands. Aggressive.

Wallflower

Reds-orange (Early Spring-Spring)

Torry Rush

A perennial with rhizomes that grows 16 to 40” tall. Found in marshes, wet prairies and roadside ditches throughout a majority of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 24-36" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sweet William

Red-white-pink (Summer-Fall)

Sulphur Cosmos

Oranges (Summer-Fall)

Spurred Snapdragon / Toadflax

Mixed reds, purples, pinks, whites (Summer)

Siberian Wallflower

Found in open areas and along roadsides across Northern U.S. Flower color: Reds-Orange (Early Spring-Spring)

Shasta Daisy

White (Late Spring-Summer)

Rocket Larkspur

Purple on shafts (Spring-Mid Summer)

Prairie Coneflower

Purple with white (Summer-Fall). Occurs on open limestone sites, roadsides and prairies. Commonly used for reclamation.

Plains Coreopsis

Reds, yellows (Summer)

Lemon Mint

Pinks (Summer)

Lance-Leaved Coreopsis

Yellow (Spring-Summer). Adapted to sandy or rocky soils, disturbed sites.

Flanders Poppy

Adaptable to moist areas, roadsides and disturbed sites. Colorful red.

Evening Primrose

Yellow (Late Spring-Early Fall)

Dames Rocket

Purple (Spring-Early Summer)

Cosmos

Mixed reds and pinks. (Spring-Mid Summer)

Cornflower / Bachelor's Button

Blue-Purple (April-July). Common in mixtures. Widely adapted. Desirable for cut flowers.

Corn Poppy

Red-pink, white (Spring-Early Summer)

California Poppy

Oranges (Summer-Fall). Occurs in open areas and on grassy slopes. Special value as a pollinator for Buble Bees, native Bees and Honey Bees. Brilliant color.

Calendula

Reds (Spring-Fall)

Blanketflower

Red-oranges, w/yellow (Summer-Early Fall)

Blackeyed Susan

Yellow (June-September) Sunflower-like blossom. Widely adapted throughout U.S.

Bebb's Sedge

A cool-season perennial bunch grass that grows up to 32” tall. Commonly found in wet meadows across northern parts of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,400,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Mature Height: 13-36+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Baltic Rush

A cool-season wire-like rush, growing up to 32” tall, with numerous rhizomes. Baltic Rush is the most common of the rushes found in the Intermountain West. It occurs most abundantly at low to mid elevations. It can be found on a variety of soils, ranging from silt and clay loams to coarser sandy substrates.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 110,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Mature Height: 24-36+" Growth Habit: Sod

Appar Lewis Blue Flax

Important to reclamation in open areas. Produces showy flowers.

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover is a cold-tolerant biennial that is very easy to establish. Drought and cold tolerant, use for erosion control on saline and alkaline soils. Matures 10 to 14 days earlier than White Clover.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 260,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-15

White Dutch Clover

White Dutch Clover is a short-lived, creeping perennial. It's shallow-rooted so it makes a good choice for lawns and pasture mixes. Very cold hardy.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Sweetvetch

Attractive perennial adapted to grassy slopes, rocky hillsides, canyons and high shrublands. Palatable.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 50,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-7

Subterranean Clover

These Low growing, self-reseeding legumes produce high N contribution. Fall planted subclovers thrive in Mediterranean conditions of mild, moist winters and dry summers on soils of low to moderate fertility. Popularity of subclovers is growing in the coastal mid-Atlantic and Southeastern US ( Hardiness Zone 7 and warmer). Subclovers are used in thousands of acres of almond orchards in California. Some cultivars tolerate alkaline soils and waterlogged conditions.

Sickle-Keeled Lupine / Hederma

Provides rapid cover on critical erosion sites such as roadside seedings and reforestation plantings. Plants are nitrogen fixers and provide wildlife cover. Grows best under 1,800 ft. in Western Oregon, Washington and Northern California with annual rainfall up to 80 inches.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 15,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20

Sainfoin

Sainfoin is a winter-hardy, non-bloat legume whose forage is high in quality, very palatable and readily consumed. It is deep-rooted and very drought resistant.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-34

Perennial Lupine

Occurs on open, coarse soils throughout North America. Common in mixes. Purple (Spring)

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20

New Zealand White Clover

Similar to White Dutch, but prefers milder temperatures with high humidity and rainfall.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-5

Medium Red Clover

Red clover is a short-lived perennial, 2-3 years, and usually produces 2-3 cuttings of hay or silage per year with most aggressive growth in Spring. Red Clover is an aggressive establisher and can be seeded alone, in mixtures with grasses, frost-seeded with a nurse crop, or interseeded into an existing stand. Forage quality is comparable with alfalfa quality under similar harvest schedule.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 275,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-12

Mammoth Red Clover

A dependable, low-cost, readily available workhorse that is winter hardy in much of the U.S. (Hardiness Zone 4 and warmer). Easily overseeded or frostseeded into standing crops, it creates loamy topsoil, adds a moderate amount of N, helps to suppress weeds and breaks up heavy soil. Its most common uses include forage, grazing, plowdown N and, in warmer areas, hay. It's a great legume to frostseed or interseed with small grains where you can harvest grain as well as provide weed suppression and manage N.

Lupins

Lupins are cool-season annual legumes that provide plenty of N and can be grown widely in the USA and southern Canada. Lupins have aggressive taproots, especially the narrow-leaf cultivars. You can kill lupins mechanically or with herbicides. Their hollow stems crush or break readily, making it easy to plant cash crops using conservation tillage equipment.

Ladino Clover

Ladino is a long-lived perennial, which spreads by creeping stems or stolons that root at the nodes. A giant form of white clover that is very high in protein, vitamins and minerals. It's a good producer of high-quality feed and is utilized extensively as a soil building crop. It's an excellent legume to use in combination with other legumes and grasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Hairy Vetch

Hairy Vetch is a hardy, winter annual legume that can be planted in either fall or spring. It is used for cover cropping, hay, pasture or as erosion control and is commonly planted with cereal grains. Few legumes match hairy vetch for spring residue production or nitrogen contribution. Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is a top N rovider in temperate and subtropical regions. The cover grows slowly in fall, but root development continues over winter. Growth quickens in spring, when hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine. Nitrogen source, Soil conditioner, Early weed suppression, Good with grains, Moisture-thrifty, Phosphorus scavenger, Fits many systems, Widely adapted.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-25

Crownvetch

Attractive perennial. Poor seedling vigor, but persistent once established. Used for roadside stabilization, mine reclamation and landscaping.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-20

Crimson Clover

Crimson clover, as a winter annual, is usually planted in the late summer to early fall. Used as a winter cover for soil protection or green manure crop for soil improvement. It can be utilized in pasture, hay, organic farming, pollinator enhancement, or silage mixes.

Cowpeas

Cowpeas are the most productive heat-adapted legume used agronomically in the U.S. They thrive in hot, moist zones where corn flourishes, but require more heat for optimum growth. Cowpeas protect soil from erosion, smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb. N/A.

Cicer Milkvetch

Cicer Milkvetch is an extremely winter-hardy, long-lived, sod-forming perennial legume. Its forage is late-maturing, bloat-free, succulent and very palatable for all classes of livestock.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Birdsfoot Trefoil is a long-lived legume, highly palatable, with a high feed value. It's winter-hardy, widely adapted, easy to maintain and has certain advantages over alfalfa, ladino or red clover. It is more tolerant of infertile and acidic soil, less likely to cause bloat and survives better than most legumes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 375,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-10

Berseem Clover

A fast-growing summer annual, Berseem clover can produce up to 8 tons of forage under irrigation. It's a heavy N producer and the least winter hardy of all true annual clovers. This makes it an ideal winter-killed cover before corn or other nitrogen-demanding crops in Corn Belt rotations. Berseem clover draws down soil N early in its cycle. Once soil reserves are used up, it can fix 100 to 200 lb. N/A or more. It establishes well with an oat nurse crop, making it an excellent cover for small grain>corn>soybean rotations.

Balansa Clover

A newer cover crop used in the Southeastern U.S., balansa clover (Trifolium michelianum Savi) is a small-seeded annual legume with superior reseeding potential compared with other legumes, including crimson clover. Well-adapted to a wide range of soil types, balansa performs particularly well on silty clay soil with a pH of about 6.5. Established stands tolerate waterlogging, moderate salinity, and soil pH from 4.5 to 8.0. It does not do well on highly alkaline soils (30). It is considered marginal in Zone 6B.

Australian Winter Peas (Field Peas)

High N-fixers, AWP produce abundant vining forage and contribute to short-term soil conditioning. succulent stems break down easily and are a quick source of available N. AWP grow rapidly in the cool, moist weather they encounter as winter annuals in the South, and as early-sown summer annuals in the Northeast, North Central and Northern Plains areas. Austrian winter peas, can withstand temperatures as low as 10° F with only minor injury, but they don’t overwinter consistently in areas colder than moderate Hardiness Zone 6. Under a long, cool, moist season during their vegetative stages, Austrian winter peas produce more than 5,000 lb. dry matter/A. Austrian winter peas are top N producers, yielding from 90 to 150 lb. N/A, and at times up to 300 lb. N/A. Water thrifty, Quick growing, Forage booster, Long-term bloomer ( an early and extended source of nectar for honeybees), Chill tolerant.

Alsike Clover

Aislike Clover is a winter-hardy, short-lived perennial clover that acts as a biennial. It is well adapted to cool climates and wet soils. Aislike is ideal for hay production in areas of high precipitation or poorly drained soils and for short rotation pasture mixes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 700,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-10

Alfalfa

Alfalfa is a deep-rooted and moderately long-lived perennial. One of the most widely used legumes for hay production. Also found in pasture, range and revegetation mixes. Some varieties exhibit spreading ability that is suitable for grazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Yellow Bluestem

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 830,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Wilman Lovegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,300,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Weeping Lovegrass

A rapidly growing perennial, warm-season, introduced bunch grass, reaching heights of 2 to 4 feet. The drooping basal shape leaf characteristic gives rise to the name “weeping” lovegrass. Prefers a light-textured, well-drained soil, and will thrive on soils of low fertility. It produces excellent pasture during early spring and fall if grazed close. Weeping Lovegrass is distributed throughout the Southern Great Plains of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Tobosa

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,695,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Tanglehead

A short-lived perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing between 3 to 8 feet in height. It is palatable to most livestock for grazing rather than hay. It is drought tolerate and reestablishes from its own seed. In the United States, it is present in the southern parts of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and in Hawaii.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 340,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 10-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Switchgrass

A perennial, warm-season, native sod-forming grass that grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Switchgrass is very tolerant of poor soils, flooding and drought. Seedlings tend to be slow to develop, and are susceptible to weed competition. Prefers moderately deep to deep, somewhat dry to poorly drained, sandy to clay loam soils. Provides high-quality pasture and hay for livestock. Also used for reclamation sand dunes and dikes. It has climatically adapted throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 332,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 19" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Sudangrass

Highly palatable and high-yielding summer annual forage. Adapted to many types of soils and environments, use with caution when grazing or haying because of nitrates and prussic acid.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 68,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-30

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Spike Muhly

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 15" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sorghum

Widely cultivated as a grain and forage, Sorghum is a drought tolerant bunch grass type. Typically used for milo grain production in the South and forage production in the North.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 60,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-40

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sideoats Grama

A medium-size perennial, warm-season, bunchgrass or sod-forming grass that grows 15 to 30” tall or occasionally taller. Sideoats Grama is a large and coarse grass, found on rocky open slopes, woodlands, and forest openings up to an elevation of about 7,000 feet. It has adapted to most soil conditions and is one of the most important range grasses. Sideoats Grama is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 170,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Sand Lovegrass

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 24" to 60” tall. Persists on deep sands and sandy loam soils. Occurring in Central and Southern Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,400,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sand Dropseed

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing 16" to 40” tall. It is without rhizomes and commonly grows on sandy soils but is also adapted to medium-textured soils. It is not
tolerant of wet soils. Sand Dropseed is a very essential grass for wind erosion control on sandy soil sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 5,600,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sand Bluestem

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass. In the best growing conditions it can reach 7 feet in height. It is often used in erosion control plantings on sandy, loamy sand or sandy loam sites. Sand Bluestem is a good to excellent forage due to its palatability and high yield. Predominantly found west of the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 106,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 7' Growth Habit: Sod

Ruby Grass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rothrock Grama

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 6" to 12” tall. It is drought tolerant thriving on poor, rocky soils. Used for reclamation in parts of Utah, Arizona and New Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 13" Mature Height: 8-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Purple Three-awn

A perennial, warm-season, native bunchgrass that grows up to 16” in height. Deep-rooted growing in well-drained soils. It has good forage potential and provides grass cover in hot deserts of the Southwest. Found across the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 240,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 12-16" Growth Habit: Bunch

Prairie Sandreed

A long-lived perennial, warm-season, native sod-forming grass growing 24" to 72” in height and possessing rigid, leafy stems. Used mostly for range seedings in mixtures, it prefers sandy sites and is drought tolerant and winter hardy. Prairie Sandreed is found in the Northern and Central Great Plains and intermountain desertic basin plant growth regions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 274,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Plains Lovegrass

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 3,750,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Plains Bristlegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 280,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores Seashore Paspalum

New - Seeded Seashore Paspalum. Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores bring new dimensions to warm season turf and reclamation seedings. Used to combat environmental extremes with environmental sensitivity, Seashore Paspalum is known for inherent salinity tolerance and can be managed with irrigation water from recycled water or water subjected to saltwater intrusion sources. Ocean Mist and Ocean Shores are low-input grasses that can utilize a wide range of recycled water and requires less nitrogen than bermudagrass. Suitable for greens, tees and fairways, sports turf, lawn & landscape. Ocean Mist & Ocean Shores can also grow under lower light intensity and waterlogging conditions better than bermudagrass. Found growing naturally in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, Seashore Paspalum is found in coastal environments, often in brackish sand areas along marsh water and in close proximity to ocean waters. It also grows in areas that receive extended periods of heavy rains and low light intensity. In addition to managed turfgrass applications, other important uses are erosion control, wetland restorations, and site reclamation on oil and gas well sites, dams, dikes and burms.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 850,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90

Mature Height: 6" Growth Habit: Sod

Little Bluestem

A slow-growing perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass reaching a height from 18” in dry areas to 3 to 5 feet in deep, fertile soils. It displays coarse stems and basal leaves are greenish-blue to purplish in color. It grows on a wide variety of soils, but is very well-adapted to well-drained, medium to dry, infertile high-salinity soils. Resistant to trampling. For forage it is very palatable for livestock, deer, and elk and suitable for hay. Distributed throughout the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 260,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Lehmann Lovegrass

A perennial, warm-season, introduced sod-forming grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. Adapted to a wide variety of sites and is drought tolerant. It has good palatability for livestock and the seed passes unharmed through the animal assisting with reseeding. Can persist for several years in the soil until soil has adequate moisture for growth. Found across Southwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 4,245,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Kleingrass

An introduced grazing and haygrass for ruminants. Kleingrass has good salinity tolerance.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 36-48" Growth Habit: Bunch

Inland Saltgrass

A warm-season perennial with tough, scaly rhizomes that will grow 4" to 16” tall. Found in wetlands, swales and margins of ponds, lakes and reservoirs across the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 520,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 5-70" Mature Height: 15-35" Growth Habit: Sod

Green Sprangletop

A short-lived perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass growing 24" to 42” tall. Grows well on rocky sites and soils, and is cold and drought tolerant. It is primarily used for erosion
control and grazing as it is highly palatable and nutritious to all classes of livestock. It is adapted throughout Texas, Southern New Mexico, Southeast Arizona and Florida.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 538,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Giant Dropseed

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows at least 24” tall. It prefers light, sandy and medium-loamy soils, requires well-drained soil and prefers acid, neutral and basic or alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade and requires dry or moist soil thus making it very drought tolerant. Because is has poor palatability it is commonly used for erosion control on sand dunes or blowouts. Found mainly in New Mexico and other parts of Southwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,700,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

German Millet

German or Foxtail Millet. A popular hay type millet that is leafy and fine-stemmed with compact heads. It exhibits good lodging resistance. The hay is sweet and palatable when harvested at late bloom. It is later than Siberian Millet with yellow seed.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 25+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Annual

Galleta

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 169,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Sod

Cane Beardgrass

A perennial, warm-season, native grass reaching heights of 2 to 4 feet. Leaves are green to blue-green in color and narrow, long, and rough. The seedhead is a raceme 3 to 5 inches long, silvery to creamy or silky white when ripe. It is considered to be good forage for wildlife and livestock when green but tends to become unpalatable when dry. Ideal for seeding arid Southwestern landscapes. It is best suited for plantings on silty or clayey soils and is drought tolerant. It is found in the Southwestern United States and Mexico.

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-36" Growth Habit: Bunch

Buffalograss

A perennial, low-growing, warm-season, native sod-forming grass. Leaf blades are 10" to 12” long, but they fall over and give the turf a short appearance. This grass occurs naturally and grows best on clay loam to clay soils and is not adapted to shaded sites. It has a low fertility requirement and it often will maintain good density without supplemental fertilization. Buffalograss is found throughout the Midwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 48,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Sod

Blue Panicgrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 657,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Blue Grama

A common perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass reaching 10" to 20”. It reproduces by tillering and by seed. Mature seed heads are curved, resembling a human eyebrow. This grass demonstrates good drought, fair salinity, and moderate alkalinity tolerances. It does not tolerate dense shade, flooding, a high water table or acidic soils. Blue Grama is distributed throughout the Western United States, but primarily throughout the Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 780,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 13" Mature Height: 10-20" Growth Habit: Bunch

Black Grama

A perennial warm-season, native sod-forming bunch grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. It grows in large patches and spreads by stolons. One of the best, most nutritious grasses, producing an abundance of forage. It remains palatable and nutritious throughout the year. With low seed production, this grass is difficult to reestablish once it has disappeared from a range.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 170,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Big Bluestem

A perennial, warm-season, native-tufted, sod-forming grass. It is tall, reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet on most sites when left ungrazed. It has short, scaly rhizomes and seed heads that normally have 3 spikelets that appear like a ‘turkey foot'. Occurring from the short grass prairie region to the Atlantic Ocean.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Bermudagrass

Ask for availability of proprietary turf and common bermudagrasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,600,000 (unhulled) / 2,200,000 (hulled)

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90

Arizona Cottontop

A perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass that grows 12 to 24” tall. It is green to bluish-green in color and has adapted to a variety of soils from clay loam to sandy loam as well as loose gravelly soils. Primarily used for revegetation of eroded rangelands, retired croplands and to provide forage for wildlife and livestock. Common in the Southwest, from southern Colorado to Texas, Arizona, and northern Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,002,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkali Sacaton

A tough perennial, warm-season, native growing in large bunches 24" to 42” tall. It grows on dry to moist sites with sand or gravelly soil. This species is used for good forage or grazing grass in lowland and in alkali regions. Alkali Sacaton’s abundant herbage is eaten by cattle, sheep and horses. It ranges from South Dakota to Washington, south to Missouri, Kansas, Texas and Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 1,750,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Small Burnett

Excellent four-season forage for wildlife and livestock. Especially desirable forage for elk, deer, antelope and birds either as forage or seed. Tolerates weakly saline to weakly acidic sites and persists in well-drained soils. Considered fire resistant due high moisture content in leaves and stems.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 48,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 15" Growth Habit: Bunch

Regional Wildflower Mixture

Regionally designed mixture of Perennials and Annuals for use in general purpose wildflower plantings such as meadow and low-input areas. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Big Horn Fescue with 5-6 lbs of Wildflowers per acre. All native mixtures can be formulated for your area.

Phacelia tanacetifolia (Lacy Phacelia)

Phacelia tanacetifolia , aka. Lacy Phacelia, is used extensively in Europe, both as a cover crop and bee forage, and is gowing in popularity & use in the US. Phacelia is quick to grow and flower and grows well in dry soil. It does a good job of limiting nitrate leaching when planted in early fall. It winterkills at about 18°F. In cooler regions, it can be used as a between cash crops cover crop in the summer. Phacelia is listed as one of the top 20 honey-producing flowers for honeybees and is also highly attractive to bumblebees and syrphid (hover) flies. Phacelia's habit of flowering abundantly and for a long period can increase beneficial insect numbers and diversity, because it provides high quality nectar and pollen.

Perennial Wildflower Mixture

All Perennial Wildflowers for several seasons of color. Varied species for season-long color. All Annual Wildflower mixture may be added for greater color expression in year one. For a naturalized meadow effect, seed 25 lbs of Little Big Horn Fescue with 5-6 lbs of Wildflowers per acre.

Custom Wildflower Mixtures

Custom mixtures are available to match specific requirements such as low growing, drought tolerant, partial shade, pollinator species, and regional native species.

Annual Wildflower Mixture

All Annual Wildflowers for first season color impact. Varied species for season-long color. Reseeding is recommended, however, some self-seeding may occur under proper conditions and management.

VITALITY PRO 375CR Alfalfa

VITALITY PRO™ 375CR alfalfa is a new conventional creeping rooted alfalfa with rhizomatous stems designed for dry land pastures. As the alfalfa stand gets older the adventitious stems develop crowns to fill in the stand. VITALITY PRO 375CR can be used for both hay and pasture systems. It expresses the branch rooted trait that can tolerate wetter conditions.

Ladak + Alfalfa

Ladak + Alfalfa is a drought tolerant cultivar selected from a 28-year-old alfalfa stand near Spokane, WA. Ladak + Alfalfa exhibits improved persistence, drought tolerance and seed yield, and is highly resistant to Bacterial Wilt, Phytopthora root rot and stem nematode.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

Wheat

Wheat is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain. There are many different varieties of Wheat grown throughout the world, such as Soft/Hard/White/Red. However, there are only two classifications of wheat, winter and spring. Each particular type of Wheat, Hard Red, Soft Red, Hard White, Soft White and Durum have a different use in the flour milling industry, and may require slightly different climatic growing conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 12,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Western Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season native sod-forming grass growing in small clusters from 12" to 36” tall. It is common to moist, sometimes saline to saline-sodic, and medium- to fine-textured soils. It has adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils because of its extensive, strong spreading rhizomes combined with a few deep roots. A good hay source and forage to domestic and wild animals across the Great Plains, Southwest, and Intermountain Region of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Western Mannagrass

A native species important in reducing erosion along streambanks and lakeshores and is found in freshwater marshes, potholes and wetland prairies. Western Mannagrass is a storm water management species with major use in the PNW. Waterfowl and other wildlife utilize the plant and seeds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18+" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Western Fescue

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Water Sedge

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 36+" Growth Habit: Sod

Upland Bluegrass

Loosely tufted; spreads from roots; low-growing. Resembles Canada Bluegrass. Erosion control and vegetation.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Tufted Hairgrass

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native, densely tufted bunch grass, growing 24 to 48”. It grows in deep, moisture-saturated, poorly or drained soils, and well-developed soils. It is somewhat tolerant to salt and alkalinity. Tufted Hairgrass is considered to be a good forage for livestock and wildlife. It resists toxic wastes, and is therefore often used in the reclamation of mining sites. It is also recommended for the reclamation of subalpine, alpine, and mountain meadow habitats. Found in the Rocky Mountain region and west to the coast, and northeastern states.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Triticale

Triticale is a hardy hybrid of wheat and cereal rye producing a high yield of forage. Combination of grain quality, productivity, and disease resistance of wheat with the vigor and hardiness of rye. Both winter and spring types were developed, with emphasis on spring types.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Timothy

A relatively short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows in erect stools or culms 20" to 40” tall. It has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system, which thrives best on rich, moist bottomlands and on finer textured soils, such as clay loams. It does not do well on coarser soils. Timothy is palatable and nutritious and mostly used for hay but also makes good pasture and silage. It has adapted to a cool and humid climate and is distributed throughout the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate: 1,232,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 13-24+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Thurber's Needlegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Thickspike Wheatgrass

It is a long-lived perennial, cool-season, native sod-forming grass growing from 12" to 36” tall. Its extensive rhizomatous root system combined with a few deep roots makes it more drought tolerant than Western Wheatgrass. This species is common to the northern Great Plains and Intermountain Region of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 159,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Tall Wheatgrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 3 to 7 feet tall. It is a tall, coarse, late-maturing grass that is especially tolerant of saline or alkali soils and adapted to either irrigated or sub-irrigated. It prefers soils with a high water table. Used in wildlife plantings where its tall, persistent, bunchy growth provides nesting sites and cover for upland gamebirds. Occurring in the Rocky Mountain region from Northern New Mexico to Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 77,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Tall Oatgrass

High-yielding and palatable hay and pasture. Prefers well-drained soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Tall Fescue

Very adaptable to soil and moisture types. Used for pasture, hay, turf and erosion control. Grazes closely.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 224,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Swordleaf Rush

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 18-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Straight-leaved Rush

Mature Height: 24+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Steambank Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native grass growing from 12" to 36” tall. The leaves have a light green and grey tint and are somewhat curled on the ends. It is drought tolerant and commonly used for reclamation and not forage production. Found in the northern Great Plains and Intermountain Region of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 142,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 12-36" Growth Habit: Sod

Standard Crested Wheatgrass

One of the most significant cultivated grasses in the United States used for conservation and forage. A long-lived, bunch-type grass. It is very winter-hardy, and has an extensive, deep and fibrous root system that gives it excellent drought resistance.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 182,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Spike Rush

Mature Height: 12-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sough Sedge

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Mature Height: 24-36" Growth Habit: Sod

Softstem Bulrush

A perennial herb from slender rhizomes that grows up to 10 ft. tall. Found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes, streams, and occasionally bogs throughout the entire United States.

Mature Height: 48+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Soft Rush

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1 Mature Height: 36+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Soft Chess

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 270,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Annual

Snake River Wheatgrass

(aka. Bluebunch Wheatgrass) A palatable, cool-season native common in the Northern Great Plains and Intermountain United States. Persistent, drought-tolerant and compatible with slower growing natives.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Smooth Brome

A perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming growing 24" to 48” spread by rhizomes. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a “W” a short distance below the tip. It is resistant to drought and extremes in temperature. Smooth Brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses. It is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 15" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Small-fruited Bulrush

Found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes and streams. A perennial herb with long, stout rhizomes that grows up to 48” tall. Found on sloughs, streambanks, ditches and wet clearings throughout the West and Northeast United States and occasionally bogs throughout the entire U.S.

Mature Height: 24-36" Growth Habit: Sod

Slender Wheatgrass

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native, tufted bunch grass ranging in height from 24" to 30”. It has very short rhizomes, which prefer loams and sandy loams. It is a relative species to the mountain and intermountain areas of the Western United States and the Northern Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Rush

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 6-36" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Hairgrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Creeping Red Fescue

In general, slender creeping red fescues have better salt tolerance that strong creeping red fescues, but lack heat tolerance. Widely used in cool maritime regions in Europe.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 350,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 150-300

Siberian Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. Similar to Desert Wheatgrass, Siberian is more drought tolerant and retains its greenness and palatability later into the summer than standard, fairway or even the hybrid cross types.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 205,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sheep Fescue

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. Well adapted to most soil conditions and can be used for erosion control and low maintenance mixtures. Found across the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 622,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Shadow II Chewings Fescue

With outstanding overall turfgrass quality, Shadow II was rated the number one fine leaf fescue in both the 1993-97 and 1999-2002 NTEP fine leaf fescue trials. Featuring excellent drought tolerance and recovery, Shadow II is an outstanding choice for both fine and low-maintenance turf. An ideal component for all mixes.

Sandberg Bluegrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bluegrass reaching 24" to 48” in height. It thrives on a variety of soils from moderately coarse sands to fine clays. Sandberg Bluegrass is distributed throughout the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 912,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Russian Wildrye

Deep-rooted, leafy forage species. Used extensively for late summer/fall grazing. Poor seedling vigor.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 162,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rough Fescue

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rough Bluegrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced grass that spreads by stolons and forms dense, thick patches. The leaf blades are upright at first, but tend to lay down and mat as the patches become older. It is capable of withstanding a considerable amount of shade if sufficient moisture is present. Rough Bluegrass is primarliy used in turf and is a nusiance in many areas.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,900,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Roemers Fescue

A perennial, native bunch grass found west of the Cascade Mountains in the Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 24" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rice Cutgrass

Valuable for wildlife habitat, wetland restoration and mine reclamation. Rice Cutgrass tolerates a wide range of soils from 5.1 to 8.0 pH and has been reported to grow in highly acidic soils (pH 3.0).

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 360,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 36-48" Growth Habit: Bunch

Rescue Grass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 75,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Regreen Hybrid

An annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. A sterile, non-reseeding cross between wheat and Tall Wheatgrass. Well adapted to a wide range of soil varieties. Used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Adapted all across the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 12,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-40

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Reed Canarygrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet. The extensive, rhizomatous root system protects it from drought, but is also suited to wet soils and dense growth of coarse erect stems, providing excellent erosion control, especially along stream banks, shorelines and waterways. It can be found throughout the West, North and Northeastern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 529,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 6-8' Growth Habit: Sod

Redtop

A perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass growing to 30" or 40” tall. A coarse but fairly dense turf that has slender stems. It will grow under a wide variety of soil and moisture conditions, is drought resistant and also grows well on poorly drained soils. Redtop is used for erosion control, pastures, temporary grass in turf seedings and occasionally for hay. It is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 5,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Miniumum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Red Brome

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 265,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Annual

Pubescent Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass 36" to 48”. The grass has basal-type leaves and spreads by rhizomes. Its strongest asset is its ability to stay green into the summer months when soil moisture is adequate. It has adapted to a wide range of conditions, including low-fertility soils and is saline soil tolerant, making it drought and winter tolerant. Pubescent Wheatgrass yields high-quality hay and pasture grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 90,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Prairie Junegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 12" to 30” tall. Persists in open woodlands and ponderosa pine at higher elevations. Use for revegetating rangeland, mine sites and other disturbed sites. Commonly found across southern Canada to Texas, California and Washington.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,132,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Perennial Ryegrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass growing to a height of 18" to 36”. Perennial Ryegrass is one of the most widely used grasses and is adaptable to a wide variety of soils and climatic conditions. With a leafy head and fine stem, it is considered very palatable, used for both forage and hay. A proven performer in pastures in the northern area of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 237,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-35

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Orchardgrass

A persistent perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass, forming distinct flowering clumps 24" to 48” tall. It is one of the earliest species to grow in the spring, making tremendous growth during cool conditions. It performs well on different textured soils ranging from clay to gravelly loams and on shallow to deep soils. The primary use of Orchardgrass is for forage production and is highly palatable to all livestock.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 541,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Oracle Creeping Red Fescue

Oracle Creeping Red Fescue is a popular choice to use in blends and mixtures with other species, when formulating for increased shade tolerance. Oracle is also adapted for use in blends and mixtures targeted towards sandy and other well drained soils, low input turf, and erosion mixtures.

Over-seeding 3-4 lbs./1,000 ft2.

New Seeding 5-6 lbs./1,000 ft2

Oats

The oat plant is an annual grass with kinds and varieties adapted either to fall planting and midsummer harvest or spring planting and late summer harvest. Most oats are used for livestock feed in this country either as grain, pasture, hay or silage. Less than 5% of the total oat production in this country is used as food for human consumption. The human consumption is mainly in the form of breakfast foods and oat flour.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Newhy Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced, sod-forming grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. It's a cross between quackgrass and Bluebunch Wheastgrass making it both aggressive and productive. Will recover quickly after grazing. Used on both irrigated and dryland sites throughout the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 120,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-14

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Needle and Thread

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 12" to 36” tall. It is without rhizomes, erect to ascending growing, and its seed has a sharp attachment point with beards near the point. Very drought tolerant, it has adapted to excessively drained, sandy or gravelly soils and also to shallow or deep sandy loam, fine sandy loam, or even clays that are shallow to deep. It is widely distributed throughout the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 115,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Nebraska Sedge

A cool-season perennial with numerous rhizomes that grows 10" to 30” tall. Found on swamps, wet streambanks and wet swales throughout the Intermountain Region and Pacific Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 525,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 24-36" Growth Habit: Sod

Native Red Fescue

Low-growing shade and moist tolerant native. Used in restoration of meadows and wetlands of the Northwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 615,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Mutton Grass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that usually grows 12" to 24” tall. Leaves are 2" to 12” long, growing largely from the base of the plant, which has clusters of small, silvery-pink flowers. It is closely related to Cusick’s Bluegrass. This is a common grass of open woodland and forested areas and commonly used for grazing. Grown on a wide range of elevation and ranges on the Western part of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 3-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Mountain Brome

Less aggressive than Smooth Brome. A short-lived, perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 3 to 4 feet tall. Prefers deep, fertile, mesic soils of medium to fine textures, but also survives on thin, dry or coarse soils, resulting in lower production levels. It is winter hardy and has good shade tolerance and fair tolerance to fire. Well-adapted to the Northwestern regions, the foothills and mountains of the Intermountain West and some Midwestern States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 70,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Foxtail

Similar to Creeping Foxtail, but non-aggressive. Moist meadows, ditches, stream banks. Erosion control, forage.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 650,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Meadow Fescue

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 6" to 12” tall. It is slow to establish but is very palatable and highly productive. Commonly found on cool and moist sites across the Pacific Northwest and Northern United States.

Meadow Brome

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass that spreads by short rhizomes. Reaching 2 to 6 feet in height when irrigated. Its primary use is for rotational forage production and is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. Meadow Brome is very winter hardy. It performs best on fertile, moderately deep to deep, well-drained soils. Used in cool, moist climates across the Northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 65,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Meadow Barley

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 12" to 14” tall. Establishes rapidly and is a good cover crop in orchards and vineyards. Tolerates drought as well as infertile, alkaline, compacted soil. Meadow Barley is especially useful in reclamation and erosion control. Common in the Western States and some of the North Eastern States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 90,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 12-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Mammoth Wildrye

A perennial, cool-season, native sod-forming grass that grows 24" to 48” tall. Used for stabilizing inland sand dunes, mine tailings and permanent cover on shallow to deep sands. Moderately tolerant of saline and saline sodic soils. It has poor palatability due to its coarse leaves, but it has been grazed in drought situations. Adapted to the Pacific Northwest and Intermountain Region.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 77,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 7" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Letterman Needlegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass with mostly glabrous stems that are 6" to 24” tall. Provides valuable forage for many species of wildlife and domestic livestock. Excellent reclamation grass for upper elevation regions. Found across the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 115,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 6-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Kentucky Bluegrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass 18" to 24” tall. It is a darker green foliage, longer leaves, and pubescence at the bases of the leaves. In the West, it is very abundant and frequently used for hay and forage for sheep and cattle. In the East, it is planted as a pasture grass, but not usually used for hay.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 2,200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Japanese Millet

Japanese millet grows 2 to 4 feet tall. Taller and coarser than other foxtail millets, it matures quickly and thus its forage yield is much less than that of pearl millet. Japanese millet is also planted for wildlife feed and for temporary soil stabilization on construction sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 110,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Intermediate Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass growing 36" to 48” tall. It has short rhizomes and a deep-feeding root system, preferring well-drained loamy to clayey textured soils. Intermediate Wheatgrass will tolerate slightly acidic to mildly saline conditions, can withstand moderate periodic flooding in the spring, and is very tolerant of fire. It has good palatability to livestock and wildlife and adapts well to the stabilization of disturbed soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 89,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Sod

Indian Ricegrass

A short to medium lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 8" to 30” tall. It is very winter hardy, has a broad climatic adaptation and prefers dry and primarily loamy-sandy-gravelly sites. Indian Ricegrass is highly palatable to livestock and wildlife. One of its greatest assets is stabilizing sites susceptible to wind erosion. Indian Ricegrass is generally found in the plains, foothills, mountains, and intermountain basins of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 164,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Indian Grass

Long-lived perennial used to reseed range sites. Provides wildlife habitat and livestock forage. Damaged by overgrazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 5" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Idaho Fescue

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass 12" to 36” tall. Although it will grow anywhere, it prefers silt loam or sandy loam soils. Idaho Fescue has excellent cold tolerance, moderate drought tolerance, moderate shade tolerance, and has adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils. It is one of the most common and widely distributed grasses in the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Hycrest Crested Wheatgrass

Larger and more robust than its two parents, Hycrest provides improved forage quality, yield, seedling vigor, establishment and root development. Well adapted to sagebrush and juniper sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 335,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Highland Bentgrass

Highland or Dryland bentgrass. Stoloniferous and high-crowned. Unacceptable for quality turf. Reclamation and roadside use.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Hardstem Bulrush

A perennial herb with stout rhizomes that grows up to 10 ft tall. Found in deep and shallow marshes, lakes, streams, and occasionally bog lakes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 375,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4

Mature Height: 36+" Growth Habit: Sod

Hard Fescue

Dense, fibrous root system. Less drought tolerant than Sheep Fescue. Important erosion control species.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 550,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 100-250

Gulf Annual Ryegrass

Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 200-700

Green Needlegrass

Bright green perennial with long grazing season. Predominant throughout Northern Plains states.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 173,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Great Basin Wildrye

Tall, coarse, long-lived. Noted for bluish-green color. Grazes late fall/early winter. Restoration, esp. alkaline.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 9

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Foxtail Fescue

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 450,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Annual

Fox Sedge

A perennial herb with thickened rootstocks that grows 8" to 36” tall. Found on wet ditches, ravines, prairie swales and the edges of marshes, springs, lakes and ponds. Distributed across the entire US with the exception of the desert Southwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,290,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Mature Height: 24-36+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Fowl Mannagrass

Cool season, tufted perennial grass. Adapted to shallow water edges. Smaller than other mannagrasses. Very palatable. Tolerates shade.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 30" Mature Height: 36-48" Growth Habit: Sod

Fowl Bluegrass

Stoloniferous, weakly rhizomatous perennial. Grows in moist, open meadows. Palatable.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Fluffgrass

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10 Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"

Mature Height: 3-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Festolium

A short-lived, perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. Derived from a cross between Italian Ryegrass and Meadow Fescue. Its ease of establishment and management, drought resistance, rapid regrowth and good disease resistance are combined with season long productivity and high forage palatability.

Fawn Tall Fescue

Forage and erosion control use. Cool-season bunch type. Fast establishing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 224,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Elk Sedge

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 91,400 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Desert Needlegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows at least 24” tall. It grows well in rocky, dry or sandy areas of the desert making it very drought tolerant. Primary use is for revegetation or landscape. Found across the Southwest desert of the US and used in restoration seedings in the more arid portions of the Great Basin.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 115,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 10-20" Growth Habit: Bunch

Dahurian Wildrye

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 12" to 60” tall. Dahurian Wildrye has a deep root system allowing good drought tolerance, preferring well drained fertile soils. It germinates quickly and regrows aggressively after cutting and grazing, thus providing excellent palatable forage and making it common in pasture mixes. Located in the Northeast, Midwest and Northwestern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 125,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Crested Wheatgrass (Fairway Type)

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch type reaching 12" to 36” tall. Drought-tolerant and winter-hardy grass with a deep-rooted system making an excellent soil binder. Crested Wheatgrass is commonly recommended for a palatable forage production. Crested Wheatgrass is well-adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils and does well on shallow to deep, moderately coarse to fine-textured, moderately well to well-drained soils. The grass is commonly seeded in the arid sections of the Western United States. The Fairway type was first recognized in 1950 as being different than other crested types. Fairway is shorter, denser, finer-stemmed and less productive than Desert Wheatgrass at lower elevations and may exceed Desert Wheatgrass production at higher elevations. Newer varieties such as Eparaim and Roadcrest exhibit strong rhizome activity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Creeping Red Fescue

Adapted to most soil types. Valued for shade tolerance. Important turf grass and erosion control grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 547,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Meadow Foxtail

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming, grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. It is extremely winter-hardy and recovers quickly from grazing due to its numerous aggressive underground rhizomes. Creeping Meadow Foxtail is palatable to all classes of livestock. Most commonly utilized throughout the Pacific Northwest, Intermountain West, Northern Great Plain States and Western Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 756,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Bentgrass

Stoloniferous. Somewhat rhizomatous. Used for putting greens, bowling lawns and erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 7,800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Beardless Wildrye

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 50,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Common Kentucky Bluegrass

Perennial. Used extensively for turf and pasture. Very palatable. Withstands heavy traffic and grazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,100,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90-135

Columbia Needlegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 6" to 24” tall, without rhizomes. Growth starts in mid-spring, matures by September, reproduces from seeds and tillers and may regrow in the fall if moisture is adequate. Provides good forage for livestock and wildlife, however, injury can occur from the sharp-pointed callus, working into the ears, eyes, nostrils and tongues of grazing animals. Also used for rangelands and reclamation, it is commonly found across the Western US from Canada to Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 175,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 6-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Colonial Bentgrass

Stoloniferous, fine-textured and low-growing grass. Used for turf and reclamation, especially in areas of poor drainage.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Chewings Fescue

Differs from Creeping Red Fescue in its more erect growth and adaptability. Used for turf and roadside erosion.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 1-24" Growth Habit: Sod

Cereal Rye

The hardiest of cereals, rye can be seeded later in fall than other cover crops and still provide considerable dry matter, an extensive soil-holding root system, significant reduction of nitrate leaching and exceptional weed suppression. Rye is the best cool-season cereal cover for absorbing unused soil N.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 29,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 80+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Annual

Canby Bluegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 8" to 16” tall. Canby Bluegrass is vigorous, long-leaved, late maturing, and more productive than other Bluegrasses. Used as low maintenance turf and forest roads in Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. Common to the Western U.S., Rocky Mountain, and Northern Great Plains region.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 925,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Canada Wildrye

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows to 48”. It is moderately drought tolerant and winter-hardy, and has good tolerance to salinity and shade. Found on sandy shores and dunes, wooded areas, especially along trails, rivers and streams, and other disturbed sites. Canada Wildrye is found throughout the Northeast, North and Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 108,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Canada Bluegrass

Low-growing and palatable. Adaptable to poor soil. Commonly used for roadside erosion.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Sod

California Brome

Forage and reclamation uses with rapid establishment and soil stabilizing values. Often found as a pioneer species. Excellent for slopes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 80,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 13-25" Growth Habit: Bunch

Bulbous Bluegrass

Somewhat invasive. Reproduces from bulbets that form in panicle. Used for pasture, erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 461,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Bufflegrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 11" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Broadleaf Cattail

A coarse, perennial herb with stout, branching rhizomes that can grow up to 10 ft. tall. Found in marshes, along streams and around lakes and ponds across northern parts of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 10,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): .5

Mature Height: 36-48" Growth Habit: Bunch

Bottlebrush Squirreltail

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing between 4" to 25” tall. Sometimes called “bristlegrass” and is considered to be one of the most fire-resistant native bunch grasses. It is considered to be fair to desirable forage for cattle, horses and sheep. Commonly found throughout the Rocky Mountain region and West.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 190,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 6" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Boreal Creeping Red Fescue

Common type creeping red fescue used in many economy lawn mixtures. Use improved varieties for better turf quality, disease resistance and persistance.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 320,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 150-250

Bluejoint Reedgrass

A native, perennial grass found in the Northern United States and Canada in marshes and meadows.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 24" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Bluebunch Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 18" to 48” tall with strong rhizomes. It is very drought resistant, persistent and adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils. This nutritious grass is used for hay production, but is better suited and more palatable when used for grazing. Most common to the Northern Great Plains and the Intermountain regions of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Blue Wildrye

A large perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing up to 5’ in height. It is similar in stature and growth habit to slender wheatgrass. Blue Wildrye is good for streambank restoration, meadow and swale seeding. It is also excellent for reseeding burned or disturbed areas in oak woodland or forest. Found from California to Alaska and into the Great Plains and Northern Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Big Bluegrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 24" to 48” high. It is a tall, tufted grass that is remarkably drought resistant. Known for high production of palatable forage making it a very valuable range grass. Big Bluegrass is the largest of the native bluegrasses found in the Intermountain zone of the Northwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 899,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Beardless Wildrye

Leafy, fine-stemmed high forage producer. Stabilization, cover on wet/saline/alkaline soils.

Beardless Bluebunch Wheatgrass

A perennial, cool-season, native, erect bunch grass, 12" to 30” tall, often with short rhizomes. It has a wide spectrum of adaptations. It is found on all aspects on mountain slopes, benches, basins, alluvial fans, and in valley bottoms. Adapted to a wide variety of soils, but is found mostly in well-drained, medium to coarse textured soils, which vary in depth from shallow to very deep.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 86,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7-9

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Beaked Sedge

A cool-season sod-forming perennial that grows 40” tall. Found along streams, around lakes and ponds, wet meadows, swamps, from sea level to the mountains. Distributed across northern parts of the US.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 440,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Mature Height: 13-36+" Growth Habit: Sod

Barley

Barley is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated for yielding grain for breakfast food, animal feed and in malt beverages. Black barley, awnless, hooded, 2 row, 6 row, different awn lengths and different spike lengths characterize the many barley types.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 12,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Arizona Fescue

A long-lived, perennial, cool-season, native, densely tufted bunch grass growing 12" to 36” tall. Found on shallow clay loam to loam and sandy to gravelly soils. A heavy root system is an excellent soil binder. Suited for revegetating and stabilizing disturbed soils, road, ski slopes and construction in the mountains. Moderately palatable, it can be used for forage and range land restoration. Native to the Ponderosa Pine zone from Colorado south to West Texas, Mexico and Nevada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 500,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Annual Ryegrass

Annual Ryegrass has an extensive, soilholding root system. Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses. The cover crop establishes quickly even in poor, rocky or wet soils and tolerates some flooding once established. It’s well-suited for field strips, grass waterways or exposed areas. Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses. Annual Ryegrass’s dense yet shallow root system improves water infiltration and enhances soil tilth. A high N user, Annual ryegrass can capture leftover N and reduce nitrate leaching over winter. Widely adapted annual. Quick establishment. Highly palatable. Short-term erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10" Mature Height: 13-25+" Growth Habit: Annual

American Slough Grass

American Slough Grass is a native, cool-season grass used in wetland restoration and erosion control. Also used as wetland forage species and its seeds are an important food source for wildlife.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,100,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 19

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25" Mature Height: 20-40" Growth Habit: Bunch

American Mannagrass

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 37,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Sod

Altai Wildrye

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 24" to 48” tall. It develops short rhizomes and is generally drought tolerant and winter hardy. It has adapted to the loam and clay-loam soils of the prairies and is often used in pasture grass. Although the growth of Altai Wildrye is coarse, cattle and sheep find it very palatable. Found in the Intermountain Region and Northern Great Plains of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 56,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18" Mature Height: 25+" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alpine Timothy

A perennial, cold-tolerant, native short grass that is traditionally a bunch grass, but can exhibit some sod-forming capability. Grows 6" to 24” in height and is commonly found in mountain meadows, bogs and wet places. Also grows on relatively well-drained soils and grassy slopes. It is added to seed mixtures to revegetate livestock and big game ranges as well as protect roads, ski slopes and mined lands. Occurring in the cooler and higher regions of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,000,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16" Mature Height: 12-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alpine Bluegrass

A perennial, cold-tolerant, native bunch grass that grows 8" to 24” tall. Grows well in cooler alpine, subalpine zones and mountain meadows. Prefers open sites and well-drained soils. Utilized for erosion control, reclamation and restoration. Occurs in Colorado, Utah, Washington and Oregon.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,680,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 20" Mature Height: 1-12" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkaligrass

Perennial, vigorous root system, fine-textured. Withstands flooding. Valuable erosion control species for its saline tolerance. Utilized in areas of saline water conditions and road salt. A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass standing 12" to 18” tall. It grows on a wide range of soils and can tolerate high amounts of salinity. This species is an excellent choice in reclamation, roadside stabilization or on saline sites requiring turf.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,100,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12" Mature Height: 12-18" Growth Habit: Bunch

Alkali Bulrush

A perennial herb with rhizomes that grows up to 48” tall. Found at low to mid elevations in marshes, transient wet spots, pond margins and backwater areas. Distributed from the West Coast of the US east to Minnesota and south to Louisiana.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 160,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Mature Height: 36+" Growth Habit: Sod

Sword Hard Fescue

Sword has many low input applications on golf courses, roadsides, parks and lawns. It thrives in low input management programs where little or no nitrogen is applied and mowing and irrigation is limited or restricted. National trials in multiple locations show Sword excels under Nitrogen rates of 0-1 Lb/1000 sq. ft. / year. Higher rates result in declining performance.

Seeding rate: 20-200 pounds per acre

Sterile Triticale - Quick Guard

An annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. A non-reseeding cross between wheat and cereal rye makes Quick Guard especially attractive as a nurse for native seedings and on erodible sites. Well-adapted to a wide range of soil varieties. Used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Adapted all across the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000

SPF-30 Hybrid Texas X Kentucky Bluegrass Seed

Now Professional Turf managers can add genetic diversity with a high-performance Texas Bluegrass x Kentucky Bluegrass cross! Expanding the area of adaptation for bluegrasses, TX x KBG types have been successful farther south than traditional Kentucky bluegrasses, and are adding heat tolerance and summer performance to northern zone turf. SPF 30 produces a high percentage of living ground cover throughout the summer, recovers quickly from drought, and is resistant to brown patch. With its aggressive rhizomes, SPF 30 improves the ability of tall fescue turf to recover when combined in a mixture. SPF 30 is an elite and medium-bladed bluegrass for landscape contractors, sports turf managers, and golf course superintendents who are battling the stress of summer heat. SPF 30 (HB 128) is a sister to HB 129 TX x KBG.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,200,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90-135

Sherman Big Bluegrass

Sherman Big Bluegrass is a long-lived, cool-season bunch grass that was originally selected from a native range site in Sherman County Oregon. A low-input species that requires as little as 11” of annual rainfall. Sherman Big Blue is valuable in soil stabilization, forage-rangeland seedings and dryland hay production, mine reclamation, and provides critical upland wildlife food and habitat.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 920,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 9" Mature Height: 12-24" Growth Habit: Bunch

Sage Grouse Habitat Seed

Sage Grouse Habitat Seed Mixtures:

We custom formulate , use NRCS, or other specifications as you requre to help you create habitat and conserve natural resources.

Quail Habitat Seed

We custom mix quail and other wildlife habitat seed, using NRCS or other other specifications.

Pheasant Habitat Seed Mixtures

Pheasant habitat quality has a direct affect on populations. We custom mix using NRCS or other specifications to meet your conservation needs.

Minimus Hard Fescue

A-LIST QUALITY

MINIMUS offers several options on the golf course and in general, natural low maintenance turf areas. It thrives in low maintenance management and is ideal for meadows, parks and secondary roughs, as well as n areas where turf transitions to natural areas or into shade.

FUSTA Tettraploid Perennial Ryegrass

FUSTA is a high production tetraploid perennial ryegrass (4N-PRG) developed for managed rotational grazing, green-chop, pasture mixtures, haylage and hay production.

Fults II Alkalaigrass

Alkalaigrass is native of the Western North American prairies, and has many applications in turf, reclamation and native and naturalized sites where saline conditions occur. Water levels in aquifers are dropping in some parts of the country, and saline water intrusion has become a problem. Fults Alkalaigrass, Puccinellia distans, is a cool-season bunch grass with 5 times the salt tolerance of Kentucky Bluegrass. Fults looks like fine fescue but differs as it persists in sunny locations and is not competitive in shade. It is a low maintenance grass that requires minimal fertility and can tolerate a range of mowing heights and mowing frequency. Moisture requirements of Fults is as little as 1/5" annually, however it also thrives in moist conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1.75MM Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Daisy Sheep Fescue

Long-lived with an extensive root system. Durable turf, erosion control. Tolerates cold and competes with weeds.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 680,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 50-100

CRP Mixes

Conservation Reserve Program, CRP, Seed Mixes reduce soil erosion, protect the Nation's ability to produce food and fiber, reduce sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. CRP Seed encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filterstrips, or riparian buffers.

For technical specifications and eligibility requirements, consult the USDA Farm Service Agency, & Natural Resource Conservation Service.