Forage, Rangeland & Cover Crop Seed

At Landmark Turf & Native Seed, we offer stock specific forage seeds and mixes as well as formulations for low input naturalization. Seeds are professionally selected and intended to provide high yields and low management.

Our pasture formulations and mixes feature proven and reliable varieties intended to provide the nutrition your livestock needs while holding up to today’s intensive grazing methods year after year.

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover

Yellow Blossom Sweetclover is a cold-tolerant biennial that is very easy to establish. Drought and cold tolerant, use for erosion control on saline and alkaline soils. Matures 10 to 14 days earlier than White Clover.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 260,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-15

White Dutch Clover

White Dutch Clover is a short-lived, creeping perennial. It's shallow-rooted so it makes a good choice for lawns and pasture mixes. Very cold hardy.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7


Attractive perennial adapted to grassy slopes, rocky hillsides, canyons and high shrublands. Palatable.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 50,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-7

Sickle-Keeled Lupine / Hederma

Provides rapid cover on critical erosion sites such as roadside seedings and reforestation plantings. Plants are nitrogen fixers and provide wildlife cover. Grows best under 1,800 ft. in Western Oregon, Washington and Northern California with annual rainfall up to 80 inches.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 15,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20


Sainfoin is a winter-hardy, non-bloat legume whose forage is high in quality, very palatable and readily consumed. It is deep-rooted and very drought resistant.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,500 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-34

Perennial Lupine

Occurs on open, coarse soils throughout North America. Common in mixes. Purple (Spring)

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-20

New Zealand White Clover

Similar to White Dutch, but prefers milder temperatures with high humidity and rainfall.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-5

Medium Red Clover

Red clover is a short-lived perennial, 2-3 years, and usually produces 2-3 cuttings of hay or silage per year with most aggressive growth in Spring. Red Clover is an aggressive establisher and can be seeded alone, in mixtures with grasses, frost-seeded with a nurse crop, or interseeded into an existing stand. Forage quality is comparable with alfalfa quality under similar harvest schedule.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 275,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-12


Lupins are cool-season annual legumes that provide plenty of N and can be grown widely in the USA and southern Canada. Lupins have aggressive taproots, especially the narrow-leaf cultivars. You can kill lupins mechanically or with herbicides. Their hollow stems crush or break readily, making it easy to plant cash crops using conservation tillage equipment.


Attractive perennial. Poor seedling vigor, but persistent once established. Used for roadside stabilization, mine reclamation and landscaping.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-20

Cicer Milkvetch

Cicer Milkvetch is an extremely winter-hardy, long-lived, sod-forming perennial legume. Its forage is late-maturing, bloat-free, succulent and very palatable for all classes of livestock.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 130,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Birdsfoot Trefoil is a long-lived legume, highly palatable, with a high feed value. It's winter-hardy, widely adapted, easy to maintain and has certain advantages over alfalfa, ladino or red clover. It is more tolerant of infertile and acidic soil, less likely to cause bloat and survives better than most legumes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 375,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 4-10

Alsike Clover

Aislike Clover is a winter-hardy, short-lived perennial clover that acts as a biennial. It is well adapted to cool climates and wet soils. Aislike is ideal for hay production in areas of high precipitation or poorly drained soils and for short rotation pasture mixes.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 700,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-10

Subterranean Clover

These Low growing, self-reseeding legumes produce high N contribution. Fall planted subclovers thrive in Mediterranean conditions of mild, moist winters and dry summers on soils of low to moderate fertility. Popularity of subclovers is growing in the coastal mid-Atlantic and Southeastern US ( Hardiness Zone 7 and warmer). Subclovers are used in thousands of acres of almond orchards in California. Some cultivars tolerate alkaline soils and waterlogged conditions.

Mammoth Red Clover

A dependable, low-cost, readily available workhorse that is winter hardy in much of the U.S. (Hardiness Zone 4 and warmer). Easily overseeded or frostseeded into standing crops, it creates loamy topsoil, adds a moderate amount of N, helps to suppress weeds and breaks up heavy soil. Its most common uses include forage, grazing, plowdown N and, in warmer areas, hay. It's a great legume to frostseed or interseed with small grains where you can harvest grain as well as provide weed suppression and manage N.

Ladino Clover

Ladino is a long-lived perennial, which spreads by creeping stems or stolons that root at the nodes. A giant form of white clover that is very high in protein, vitamins and minerals. It's a good producer of high-quality feed and is utilized extensively as a soil building crop. It's an excellent legume to use in combination with other legumes and grasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 800,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-7

Hairy Vetch

Hairy Vetch is a hardy, winter annual legume that can be planted in either fall or spring. It is used for cover cropping, hay, pasture or as erosion control and is commonly planted with cereal grains. Few legumes match hairy vetch for spring residue production or nitrogen contribution. Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is a top N rovider in temperate and subtropical regions. The cover grows slowly in fall, but root development continues over winter. Growth quickens in spring, when hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine. Nitrogen source, Soil conditioner, Early weed suppression, Good with grains, Moisture-thrifty, Phosphorus scavenger, Fits many systems, Widely adapted.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 20,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-25

Crimson Clover

Crimson clover, as a winter annual, is usually planted in the late summer to early fall. Used as a winter cover for soil protection or green manure crop for soil improvement. It can be utilized in pasture, hay, organic farming, pollinator enhancement, or silage mixes.


Cowpeas are the most productive heatadapted legume used agronomically in the U.S. They thrive in hot, moist zones where corn flourishes, but require more heat for optimum growth. Cowpeas protect soil from erosion, smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb. N/A.

Berseem Clover

A fast-growing summer annual, Berseem clover can produce up to 8 tons of forage under irrigation. It's a heavy N producer and the least winter hardy of all true annual clovers. This makes it an ideal winterkilled cover before corn or other nitrogen-demanding crops in Corn Belt rotations. Berseem clover draws down soil N early in its cycle. Once soil reserves are used up, it can fix 100 to 200 lb. N/A or more. It establishes well with an oat nurse crop, making it an excellent cover for small grain>corn>soybean rotations.

Balansa Clover

A newer cover crop used in the Southeastern U.S., balansa clover (Trifolium michelianum Savi) is a small-seeded annual legume with superior reseeding potential compared with other legumes, including crimson clover. Well-adapted to a wide range of soil types, balansa performs particularly well on silty clay soil with a pH of about 6.5. Established stands tolerate waterlogging, moderate salinity, and soil pH from 4.5 to 8.0. It does not do well on highly alkaline soils (30). It is considered marginal in Zone 6B.

Australian Winter Peas (Field Peas)

High N-fixers, AWP produce abundant vining forage and contribute to short-term soil conditioning. succulent stems break down easily and are a quick source of available N. AWP grow rapidly in the cool, moist weather they encounter as winter annuals in the South, and as early-sown summer annuals in the Northeast, North Central and Northern Plains areas. Austrian winter peas, can withstand temperatures as low as 10° F with only minor injury, but they don’t overwinter consistently in areas colder than moderate Hardiness Zone 6. Under a long, cool, moist season during their vegetative stages, Austrian winter peas produce more than 5,000 lb. dry matter/A. Austrian winter peas are top N producers, yielding from 90 to 150 lb. N/A, and at times up to 300 lb. N/A. Water thrifty, Quick growing, Forage booster, Long-term bloomer ( an early and extended source of nectar for honeybees), Chill tolerant.


Alfalfa is a deep-rooted and moderately long-lived perennial. One of the most widely used legumes for hay production. Also found in pasture, range and revegetation mixes. Some varieties exhibit spreading ability that is suitable for grazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25


VITALITY PRO™ 375CR alfalfa is a new conventional creeping rooted alfalfa with rhizomatous stems designed for dry land pastures. As the alfalfa stand gets older the adventitious stems develop crowns to fill in the stand. VITALITY PRO 375CR can be used for both hay and pasture systems. It expresses the branch rooted trait that can tolerate wetter conditions.

Ladak + Alfalfa

Ladak + Alfalfa is a drought tolerant cultivar selected from a 28-year-old alfalfa stand near Spokane, WA. Ladak + Alfalfa exhibits improved persistence, drought tolerance and seed yield, and is highly resistant to Bacterial Wilt, Phytopthora root rot and stem nematode.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000 Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-25

CRP Mixes

Conservation Reserve Program, CRP, Seed Mixes reduce soil erosion, protect the Nation's ability to produce food and fiber, reduce sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. CRP Seed encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filterstrips, or riparian buffers.

For technical specifications and eligibility requirements, consult the USDA Farm Service Agency, & Natural Resource Conservation Service.