Grains

Here at Landmark, we provide the highest quality species of grains for a variety of applications and environments. Cereal grains can be used for livestock forage, hay, as cover crops, and for human consumption. Specially selected varieties and hybrids provide the highest grain quality, productivity, disease resistance, and vigor that is required for both spring and fall planting. 

Spring Triticale

Spring triticale, Triticum aestivum x Secale cereale, is a hybrid cross between wheat and cereal rye. Triticale is typically superior to rye or wheat when used in silage, hay, or pasture. It is drought tolerant and primarily used for forage production, as a cover crop, nurse crop, or as emergency forage. The harvested grain can be used in various livestock feed or for human consumption in cereals and baked goods. Early spring planting improves quality and yield and triticale can produce high levels of dry matter even under challenging conditions. It is later maturing than oats or barley and will maintain its forage quality for an extended harvest window. It does well in a wide range of soil conditions including lighter soils or areas with low to moderate levels of salinity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 80-100

Winter Triticale

Winter triticale, Triticum aestivum x Secale cereale, has better forage quality similar to wheat coupled with the tonnage potential of cereal rye. Winter triticale when planted in the fall, is as winter hardy as winter wheat but less than winter rye. Planting triticale in the fall means the root systems develops faster to better take advantage of spring and fall moisture, it matures earlier, the yield potential is higher, and there is less risk of nitrates compared to spring-planted crops. Winter triticale is typically superior to wheat for pasture, silage, hay, erosion control, and for grain used for feed. It has great yield potential, stress tolerance, and drought tolerance, and disease resistance compared to barley, wheat, and oats. Winter triticale should be planted in fields with good drainage, and sandy loam to heavy clay soil textures.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 100-120

Quickguard Triticale

Quickguard triticale, Triticum aestivum x Secale cereale, is a hardy hybrid of wheat and cereal rye producing a high yield of forage. Quickguard combines the grain quality, productivity, and disease resistance of wheat with the vigor and hardiness of rye. Both winter and spring types were developed with an emphasis on spring types. Quickguard is an annual, cool-season, introduced cover grass. It is well-adapted to a wide range of soil varieties and is used for reclamation and stabilization of disturbed areas. Quickguard is adapted all across the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 10-20

Mature Height: 18-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Spring Wheat

Spring wheat, Triticum aestivum, is an annual cereal grain that is planted where cold winter weather often harms winter wheat and in regions with adequate spring and summer moisture. Spring wheat is planted in the spring as soon as the soil can be worked and harvested in the late summer or fall. Unlike winter wheat, spring wheat does not require exposure to cold temperatures for normal development. Spring wheat is typically planted in areas with harsh winters including Minnesota, Montana, and South Dakota. Spring wheat is most commonly used for human consumption and is used domestically or exported. Common varieties include hard red spring wheat, club wheat, and durum wheat. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 11,000-18,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 120-140

Wheat

Wheat, Triticum aestivum, is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain. There are many different varieties of wheat grown throughout the world such as Soft/Hard/White/Red. However, there are only two classifications of wheat: winter and spring. Each particular type of wheat; Hard Red, Soft Red, Hard White, Soft White, and Durum have a different use in the flour milling industry and may require slightly different climatic growing conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,000 - 20,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Mature Height: 13-24"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Cereal Rye

Cereal rye, Secale cereale, is a hardy annual grass that is widely cultivated for grain production, forage, and soil improvement. Due to the late harvest of many crops, fall-planted cover crops often do not reach adequate growth to provide winter soil protection but cereal rye can germinate and grow under cooler conditions and still provide considerable dry matter, an extensive soil-holding root system, significant reduction of nitrate leaching, and exceptional weed suppression. Cereal rye can also be used for spring forage production, and fed as pasture, green chop, or put up as haylage. It is the best cool-season cereal cover for absorbing unused nitrogen in the soil.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 18,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 80+

Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Annual

Oats

Oats, Avena sativa, is an annual grass with kinds and varieties adapted either to fall planting and midsummer harvest or spring planting and late summer harvest. Most oats are used for livestock feed in the United States either as grain, pasture, hay or silage. Less than 5% of the total oat production in the United States is used for human consumption mainly in the form of breakfast foods and oat flour.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 16,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Stockford Beardless Barley

Stockford beardless barley, Hordeum vulgare, is a two-rowed, hooded, spring barley that is adapted to the Intermountain area of the Pacific Northwest region and the Western Prairies of Canada. It is medium tall and matures in mid-season with fair to good drought tolerance. The appearance and performance of the Stockford variety is stable and uniform. Stockford beardless barley can be used in dryland and irrigated areas for hay, grain production, forage, and as a cover crop. It has good resistance to lodging, shattering, straw breaking and neck breaking.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 100

Mature Height: 32"; Growth Habit: Bunch

Spring Barley

Spring barley, Hordeum vulgare, is a cool-season, annual cereal grain that can be used for livestock forage, as a cover crop, as a high-value silage crop, or for malting. Barley prefers well-drained, fertile soils in irrigated or dryland conditions. Spring barley is a more efficient use of water than other cereal grains, is a heavy biomass producer and weed suppressor, and cycles large amounts of nitrogen. It can be grown in rotation with crops other than small grains with few restrictions. Spring barley tends to break disease, insect, and weed cycles associated with other crops. When possible, spring barley should be planted following other crops that can be harvested early enough in the fall to provide sufficient time for incorporating residues or otherwise preparing the ground for spring barley planting. Spring barley grows well in the following regions: Great Plains, Northeastern states, Pacific Northwest, Midwest Corn Belt, and the Southwest.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 90-100

Barley

Barley, Hordeum vulgare, is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated for yielding grain for breakfast food, as a cover crop, for animal feed, and in malt beverages. Black barley, awnless, hooded, 2 row, 6 row, varying awn lengths and varying spike lengths characterize the many barley types. Barley grows well in cool, dry areas with supplemental irrigation. It is more winter-hardy than oats but is more prone to winterkill than wheat or rye. Barley can be grown in a wide variety of locations because there are both summer and winter varieties, and it can withstand high elevations and short growing seasons. 

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 14,000; Seeding Rate (pounds/acre): 60+

Mature Height: 25+"; Growth Habit: Bunch